The beggining of the space trip’s!
The sky was a challenge for people still in the early stages of our civilization. The desire to reach the vault of the world is reflected in countless myths of all cultures, from the flight of Icarus to the Tower of Babel and the ability to travel by air was considered a divine attribute in all world religions.
Over time, the power of flight has been released and features fantastic plan was brought to brilliant human mind, such as Roger Bacon and Leonardo da Vinci, who drew up the first plans of tools to enable man to fly. Montgolfier brothers balloon once, successfully launched in 1783, humanity entered flight really was. This culminated in space achievements of the twentieth century, when man first landed in space and on Earth’s natural satellite, Luna.
The next target is the space program of Mars exploration. This objective is not just a fad, but a first step toward colonization of other planets, mission considered essential for the survival of human civilization.
The famous physicist Stephen Hawking warned in 2010 that the human species is likely to disappear if not we will colonize other planets. “There have been cases in history, and the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1963, when our survival as a species was highly uncertain. Is likely to increase the frequency of these situations in the future. But I am optimistic. If we manage to avert disaster in following two centuries, our species should be safe, as we spread into space. Our only chance of long-term survival is to expand into space, “said the scientist.
Among the potential causes that could cause the elimination of human species include the impact of an asteroid, global warming accelerated permafrost melting caused by an eruption of a super volcano (such as in Yellowstone), a pandemic or nuclear war. Except the last, all these events have happened in the history of this planet and will spend, the only uncertainty is when it will occur.
So, to Mars!
When there will be a mission to Mars?
A human mission to Mars has been proposed since the middle of last century, and over time the idea has ceased to be merely a fanciful proposal, the major space powers starting to make plans and set concrete targets for achieving this objective.
In 2010, President Barack Obama outlined his vision of the problem, announcing that the U.S. intends to send a human mission to orbit Mars and return successfully to Earth around 2030, followed by a mission in which people will walk on Martian soil. “I intend to see for myself an American on Mars,” said Obama, who was 48 years old on the speech.
NASA examines more possibilities to achieve this objective, including that of launching a cargo mission to Mars in 2035, to be followed by a human mission in 2037.