He rolled and rolled and rolled: More than six years sent Mars Rover "Spirit" data to Earth, exceeding all expectations. Now includes NASA Kapitel.Rover the "Spirit" was something of a "favorite" of NASA. He rolled and rolled across Mars, years longer than expected. Now, the Authority concludes the chapter – a heavy heart.
He rolled and rolled and rolled: More than six years sent Mars Rover “Spirit” data to Earth, exceeding all expectations. Now includes NASA Kapitel.Rover the “Spirit” was something of a “favorite” of NASA. He rolled and rolled across Mars, years longer than expected. Now, the Authority concludes the chapter – a heavy heart.
About seven and a half years after landing on the Red Planet, NASA Mars rover capable of taking leave “Spirit”. 14 months, the number of Rover fans at the U.S. space agency had tried in vain to make contact with the small robot vehicle that had stalled after a 7.7-kilometer exploring the Martian sand.
Now they give up a heavy heart: they believe that the recent Mars Rover winter with its cold temperatures did not survive.
Thus, his historical Mars exploration mission is almost definitely over. Worth has “Spirit” the burial of thousands. Only a 90-day life had been expected of him and continue his mobile twin “Opportunity”, as they landed on Mars in early January.
But they rolled and rolled and rolled, together they covered a distance of 26 kilometers. Again and again, they supported the scientists with exciting photos and information about the nature of the red planet and its wet past.
“Spirit,” whose name stands for the spirit of discovery, exploring the bottom of the Gusev Crater, climbed the Columbia Hills, stopped to study a number of rocks. Here it is a built in Germany helped spectrometer on board. In the end, he came across evidence that it may have on the Red Planet once given the conditions for microbial life.
More than six years, he sent data to Earth, Spirit and Opportunity have been something like “favorite child” of NASA. In April 2009 it happened: “Spirit” broke the roles of a crusty bottom, with five still functioning wheels and got stuck in the underlying sand.
For months, NASA worked on a “liberation” strategy, even tested them on a duplicate rover in a sandbox, but “Spirit” could not be done fast. And since the end of March 2010, he was then silent.
Nasa experts now expect that the internal components and electrical connections of the robot in the past Martian winter were so severely damaged that nothing is final.
NASA estimates that the temperatures inside the Rovers fell to minus 55 degrees Celsius or even beyond. “According to engineering estimates were in the past few months, only a small chance to communicate with” Spirit “restore” it said in a NASA release.
As hard as it also is: Well, the Authority will use their concentrated on “Spirits” revival communications capacity for a new project. End of November will be sent a new Rover on the way to Mars. It is called “Curiosity” (curiosity) and is a science lab on wheels.
And do not forget: “Opportunity” (translated chance, opportunity) is still rolling. The rover continues to have a plane on the opposite side of Mars from the point on the road, at the “Spirit” his final resting place.