Romania’s participation in U.S. missile defense system has advantages both politically and technically, the entire defense of the country, and the system will be located in Olt County has no negative influence on people and the environment.
On 4 February 2010, the Supreme Defence Council decided to give the invitation made by President of the United States of America, Barack Obama, the involvement of Romania in developing U.S. missile defense system in Europe. Decision of the Supreme Council of National Defence of Romania’s involvement in the American approach, adaptive stages of missile defense in Europe is in full agreement with what was established in NATO, as stated, yet, in cooperation with bilateral register United States.Looking ahead, U.S. bilateral project as designed, will be an essential contribution to NATO’s missile defense program.
Moreover, Bucharest officials have repeatedly announced that Romania will continue to support efforts to develop a NATO missile defense system that would be based on the principal decided at the Bucharest Summit (April 2008) and reiterated in Strasbourg-Kehl (April 2009) and Lisbon (November 2010) and the indivisibility of security alliance, collective solidarity and full coverage of Allied territory.
Romania’s official position is that the new U.S. approach to missile defense, adaptive phase, and highlights the key role of NATO missile defense allied territory. This will boost NATO missile defense concerns, the indivisibility of Allied security principles and collective solidarity. Foreign Ministry believes that in perspective, U.S. bilateral project as designed, will be an essential contribution to NATO’s missile defense program.
The initial version of the missile defense project, recommended by the Secretary of Defense, Robert Gates, former President George W. Bush on 27 December 2006, consider creating a missile system in Europe, which would forward a radar base located in the Czech Republic and ten terrestrial interceptors in Poland.
The plan was changed and on 17 September 2009 U.S. President Barack Obama, announced the decision to develop the American missile defense system in Europe a new, adaptive steps to better protect forces deployed in Europe and theaters of operations, both American and Allied, and the U.S. and their allies.
This approach has some clear advantages over previous American administration plan. The main advantage for Romania is that fully cover the country and, finally, of all the allied states.Original version of George W. Bush will not protect missile than a small part of territory in northwestern Romania.
Second, increase the capacity to defend Europe, while the threat of short-range missiles or medium action are growing and thus meet current threats.
It is an approach that allows embedding, fast and easy, the new technology, which is important given that the U.S. allocate generous amounts of technical development in this area. However, operational system will be six or seven years earlier than under the previous plan.
Another important aspect is the political decision taken at the NATO Summit in Lisbon in November 2010 which was enshrined in the development of missile defense systems in order to protect the population of European member states of the Alliance, against the growing threat of ballistic . NATO decided to extend the current missile capabilities and welcomed the allied summit in November EPAA, classifying a contribution of U.S. national missile defense to NATO.
Another important policy is the agreement of Russia expressed the NATO-Russia Council Summit held in Lisbon together to explore opportunities for cooperation in missile defense. Discussions were held with both NATO and bilaterally with the U.S., Russia to co-opting of this project.
Moscow’s criticism on this project, however, were numerous. Thus, after early May was announced agreement on the location to be installed elements of the shield, Moscow said this approach ignores the commitments made by the United States that Russia will play a role in decision-making process. ”We regret to say that practical steps for building a European segment of the U.S. global defense system have been made without taking into account the Russian-American dialogue on missile defense, which began following a decision by Presidents Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama ”announced, then Russian Foreign Ministry.
But U.S. officials have rejected these criticisms and reiterated the invitation to the United States and NATO Russia to participate in a joint missile defense system for Europe. ”Cooperation on missile defense with Russia is a key objective for the United States,” said an official of the Department of Defense.
Later, Anatoly Antonov, Russian Deputy Defense Minister, said that Russia might react if U.S. missile defense elements mounted near its borders, while President Dmitry Medvedev urged in a letter to his counterparts on May 14 member countries of Russia-NATO Council, guarantees that the European missile shield will not affect strategic stability. Several weeks later, on 6 June, the same Deputy Minister Anatoly Antonov, spuneaîntr an interview that Russia has moderated its stance on missile defense projects of Western to Eastern Europe, but requires some guarantees in writing. A day later, NATO Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen said, however, that NATO does not intend to provide written guarantees required by Russia to ensure that the proposed missile defense shield in Europe threatens U.S..
The technical aspects of the U.S. presence in Deveselu:
According to U.S. documents, on which system will be located in Olt County, USA and Romania have selected in the negotiations with the Deveselu location, location as suitable for U.S. missile defense system involving the SM-3 interceptor, known and under the name “Aegis Ashore System”.
You will be placed to guide interceptors radar (radar deckhouse) and SM-3 interceptors containing modules.
Aegis system does not affect people who work or live in the area, saying the United States have successfully tests – Aegis Radar Test – in Moorestown, New Jersey, for over 30 years, and to human health or environmental effects were absent.
Space missile system will be approximately 175 acres at the base of Deveselu, will also be brought here 200 military, civilian employees and government system and “support contractors.”
According to the same documents, potential debris remaining after an interception or they are not dangerous.
SM-3 interceptors have nuclear warheads but hit the target using kinetic energy. ”The risk of damage or casualties by debris resulting from an interception is small and represents a small threat to the population. Altenativa – that allow a missile to its target – would have more serious consequences,” it shows the documents cited.
Location in Romania missile system costs 400 million U.S. dollars.This amount is added 20 million dollars annually functioning, not including rockets.
Creating a complementary missile defense system, defense for people of European NATO member countries, costs about 200 million euros and its development was assessed a year ago to 833 million euros.