Roman Science and Engineering

Roman science and engineering is very sophisticated, even though the empire fell a long time ago. During the Roman Age, science, technology, and architecture flourished from 900 B.C to 500 A.D.

The Romans never considered science to be really important subject. Only a few scientific discoveries were found in Rome. They were the first to include a Leap Year day every four years, and borrowed the idea of sundials from Egypt and Greek and improved it. The Romans also created a number system that used letters of the alphabet to stand for numbers. Each letter had a fixed value. Their system is still used today in clocks and copyright dates for films and television programs. In the field of medicine, a scientist called Celsus wrote the book “On Medicine” containing all the Roman methods of medicine.

Roman inventions helped them a lot in times of war and peace. They developed two kinds of siege engines for crushing buildings, the ballista, and the “scorpion” catapult. These war machines helped the Romans tear down walls

during a siege. The Romans improved boats and ships for travel and trade. Surprisingly, those vehicles of the sea were both very strong and waterproof. To water their crops, dams and reservoirs for irrigation were built. Because of the invention of pulleys and levers, cranes were created to lift heavy blocks into the right position. Of course, the Romans also had a writing system that is known as Latin. It is almost identical to our language, with only the letters J, U, and W missing. Also, t heir postal system was very organized, with a giant network of couriers, ships and staging posts to deliver messages and packages.

Many miles of roads and bridges were built to hold the vast empire together. By the second century A.D, the Romans had built around 78,000 kilometers of roads. The most important Roman invention for construction is probably concrete. It is made of crushed stones, lime, and sand. Many of their buildings were made out of concrete, though marble and granite were considered the best for decorative purposes. The Romans also built aqueducts -a human made channel that is constructed to carry water from one location to another. Their buildings were mostly made out of stone, so tools like hammers, chisels, and files were needed to shape the blocks.

We have many things similar to the Romans. The Roman’s writing system is the root of many other writing systems, including ours, and their construction techniques are still seen today in buildings. Many of their inventions like cranes and irrigation systems are used in the present times. In conclusion, the Romans influenced many parts of our modern world.

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31 Responses to “Roman Science and Engineering”
  1. kayla b Says...

    On September 29, 2008 at 12:19 pm

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  2. Bruce H. Says...

    On January 22, 2009 at 9:20 am

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  3. jack n. Says...

    On February 1, 2009 at 1:45 pm

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  6. jessica Says...

    On April 28, 2009 at 5:36 pm

    helpful


  7. Em Says...

    On April 30, 2009 at 2:49 pm

    Good, but needs more description…


  8. heather Says...

    On May 22, 2009 at 2:52 pm

    thanks i need info on this and everything else had to many big words so i couldnt understand anything, but this really hepled me out thanks!


  9. Unknown Says...

    On November 23, 2009 at 11:15 pm

    well cool i got my project answers :D


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    On December 8, 2009 at 9:12 pm

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  11. Johnny boy Says...

    On February 19, 2010 at 10:48 am

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  12. UNKNOWN Says...

    On February 22, 2010 at 4:58 pm

    It was ok but wasn’t detailed enough. possibly could have had more description on the science i actualy found that very UNHELPFUL!! one word i can use for i and that is OK-ISH


  13. ajizzel Says...

    On October 1, 2010 at 1:34 pm

    this was very helpful selena says i really like it alot im omg i could not find any thing more helpful THANKYOU!!!!!!


  14. donna joe young Says...

    On January 3, 2011 at 3:20 pm

    helped with my english project on how roman technology helped the world then and today. could have been more information, but im happy with what i got. any information will help at this point :)


  15. clayton demory Says...

    On February 23, 2011 at 4:51 pm

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    On March 14, 2011 at 9:29 am

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  19. Annonomys Says...

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    On October 13, 2011 at 12:27 pm

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  23. Mary Says...

    On March 6, 2012 at 11:57 am

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  30. Anonymous Girl Says...

    On November 20, 2012 at 7:12 pm

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  31. Your mom Says...

    On November 28, 2012 at 12:00 pm

    Helped for our project! :)


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