Bionic robots are designed by scientists in the recent years based on the structure and behavior of animals to help humans in many ways like checking pollution, spying, exploring the space etc. Here are some of the popular robo-animals that behave like real ones.
Scientists: These carp-shaped robo fish are designed by the robotics team at the University of Essex’s school of science and electronic engineering with the cost of $29,000 for each one.
Aim: To detect the pollution in rivers, lakes, and seas across the world.
Capability: These fish are equipped with chemical sensors to sob out hazardous pollutants such as leaks from underwater pipelines. They transmit this information using Wi-Fi technology to the shore without the need of human intervention. They have powerful batteries that run for about eight hours and after that these fish can return automatically to a charging station.
Scientists: BigDog Robot is a four-legged vehicle developed by Boston Dynamics and US military.
Aim: This dog carries equipments and provisions for American soldiers in Afghanistan even on rough land. This is capable of carrying more than 340 lbs of weight.
Capability: This 3 and 1/3rd feet long and 2 and 1/3rd feet tall robot can run up to 4 mph and climb 35° slopes.
Scientists: The World’s first entirely soft robot octopus will be made with silicone by researcher Cecilia Laschi of the Italian Institute of technology in Genoa and colleagues in the UK, Switzerland, Turkey, Greece and Israel.
Aim: To reach into the nooks and crannies of coral reefs or the rock formations on ocean floors to photograph objects in these places so that oceanographers can hunt easily for signs of climate changes in the oceans.
Capability: The tentacles of this can bend in all directions and elongate to almost twice their length, they can grasp objects even in tiny spaces. The longitudinal muscles are made with soft silicone rubber combined with a dielectric elastomer. Electric field is applied to this material that squeezes the silicone to make it shorter.
Scientists: RoboSwift, a shape-shifting robotic micro-aircraft is designed by David Lentink of Wageningen University and students of Delft university of Technology in Netherlands.
Aim: To photograph the required images by hovering above the crowds of people or vehicles for government and law enforcement surveillance purposes and to observe the wild birds without disturbing them.
Capability: With its small size (weight of less than 80 grams with a span of 20 inches from wingtip to wingtip) this robotic bird can fly the equivalent of five roundtrips to the moon and remain airborne continuously for 7,000 kilometers. It has four feathers on each wing and can change its wing shape and surface area by folding these feathers over onr another and sweeping them back and forth. With its GPS system, powerful cameras and lithium-polymer batteries it can perform spying more efficiently.
Scientists: Robotic penguins are developed by the engineers of German based company Festo.
Aim: To monitor its surroundings and avoid collisions with walls or other penguins and for industrial applications.
Capability: With their flippers these robotic penguins can propel through water and other larger helium-filled penguins can fly in the air. These have flexible glass fibre rods to twist their necks in any direction. These have flexible arms that twist up to 90° in any direction.
Scientists: “Jollbot”, a robotic grasshopper is designed by Rhodri Armour, a Ph.D. student at the University of Bath.
Aim: For space exploration
Capability: It has both the rolling and jumping capacity for greater mobility over the widest variety of terrain types. It weighs less than a kilogram and stores energy from electric motors between jumps so that it can jump to a height of half a meter off the ground. The spherical shape enables it to roll along the ground, preventing it from overturning.
Scientists: “Flybot”, a robotic fly is designed by the scientists of Harvard University.
Aim: To find hidden bombs and to be sent on investigation missions in areas those are contaminated by chemical or biological weapons.
Capability: This fly has a 3 cm wingspan with a flapping speed of 110 beats per second and 60 mg weight. It can be sent on reconnaissance missions in areas that are too dangerous for humans.
Scientists: Airjelly and Aquajelly are developed by scientists at German based company Festo.
Aim: To move in spatial directions that enable opportunities in propulsion systems for lighter-than-air flight.
Capability: Aquajelly has eight tentacles for propulsion and eleven infrared light-emitting diodes allowing it to communicate with other aquajellies over distances of up to 80 centimeters. Airjelly has two lithium-ion-polymer batteries. It goes on peristaltic propulsion and the motion is controlled by weight displacement.