The Black Hole Swallowed a 300 Million Suns

Astronomers have recorded the most powerful explosion in the history of observations of the universe – a black hole swallowed a huge piece of cloth. Calculations made on the basis of observations suggest that these cosmic monsters can slow the formation of stars.

Astronomers have recorded the most powerful explosion in the history of observations of the universe – a black hole swallowed a huge piece of cloth. Calculations made on the basis of observations suggest that these cosmic monsters can slow the formation of stars.

Capture the global cosmic cataclysm able professionals from the American Observatory Chandra – article about the event appeared today in the prestigious journal Nature. In images taken by powerful telescopes, it is seen as a giant black hole mass of about a billion suns (!) Ate a piece of cloth.

Because of its voracious abyss of revolution threw most of the “lunch” around in the form of hot gas. He broke into the surrounding space in the form of two symmetrical cloud size of 650 thousand light-years each, are clearly visible in the picture.

The first scientists struck the scale of the event. Based on the fact that in such cases, the proportion of the emitted substance is about 10% of the total weight, experts estimate that “swallowed” it was 300 million solar masses, and gas, which is blown around, weighs more than our entire galaxy. “I was stunned,” – says Brian McNamara, one of the authors.

On the second interesting question – what has failed in a black hole – Astronomers have not yet given a clear answer. Possible participants in a cosmic catastrophe could be a small galaxy, or that it would be even more surprising, the second black hole. The latter assumption is put forward in Paul Nalsen Center for Astrophysics Harvard-Smithsonian.

Scientists are not the first time to observe these global events. In February, a smaller black hole, tore up one of the stars in the galaxy RXG-242-11. But the case was just another confirmation of the rightness of Einstein, who predicted the existence of these cosmic monsters. And from the “today” cataclysm (which actually lasted about 100 million years), astronomers have just two things about the evolution of the universe.

Filmed the explosion, of course, not the most powerful in the history of our world, but the strongest of all, which could be observed. Until now, scientists believed that the events of this magnitude – it is much more distant past, when the area was inhabited by a dense. In addition, the phenomenon sheds light on the mechanism of star formation in galaxies – in reality it is somewhat less than theory predicts. Previously it was thought that, after cooling to a certain temperature the substance must necessarily stick together in a star. However, if such explosions fueled by its energy, it is not necessary.

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