Most Important Branches in Science.
Other significant sub-disciplines of climatology include bioclimatology and palaeoclimatology.
Meteorology is the scientific discipline concerned with atmospheric
phenomena, particularly of the troposphere and lower stratosphere.
Meteorology entails a systematic study of short-term-that is, day-to-day variations in temperature, humidity, air pressure, wind, cloud cover, and precipitation, along with their causes.
It provides the basis for weather forecasting. Meteorology is closely related to, but distinct from, climatology which deals with weather conditions in a given area over an extended period of time (from a month to many millions of years).
Meteorology is divided into two major branches, dynamic and synoptic. Dynamic meteorology deals primarily with the motions of the atmosphere and the physical processes involved in air flow.
Research in the field involves he extensive use of computer models of general global circulation and of small-scale motion systems such as tornadoes and hurricanes.
These mathematical models contribute much to the understanding of the physics and structure of the lower atmosphere.
8. The Earth sciences
The broad aim of the Earth sciences is to understand the present
features and the past evolution of the Earth and to use the knowledge, where appropriate, for the benefit of humankind.
Thus, the basic concerns of the Earth scientists are to observe, describe, and classify all the features of the Earth, whether characteristic or not, to generate hypothesis with which to explain their presence and their presence and their development, and to devise means of checking opposing ideas for their relative validity.