Day-in and day-out, we hear news about earthquakes; earthquakes are natural calamities and they claim hundreds and thousands of valuable lives. Is there a way by which we can know whether our city is vulnerable to earthquakes or not? Yes…GeoHazards International in connection with United Nations conducted a study to find out cities vulnerable to earhtquakes based on parameters like magnitude of earthquake being 6.0 or above, building frality, etc.
We read news about earthquakes often in newspapers. The recent earthquake that we are aware of is Haiti and it claimed around 2 million lives. Earthquakes are really terrible as it leaves hundreds and thousands of people not only homeless but make them orphans. I really feel very bad when I read such news. Is there something that we can do to lessen the suffering? Will it be helpful if we know which cities are vulnerable to earthquakes? I think yes…here is the list of top 10 cities that are prone to earthquakes based on the number of lives that may be claimed if an earthquake hits these cities.
A recent study was done by GeoHazards International and United Nations to understand cities that are prone to or vulnerable to earthquakes across Asia and America as these are the places that are most vulnerable to seismic activity. Earthquakes of magnitude 6.0 and above were taken for their study. They took various parameters like building frailty, life-saving abilities and facilities available, how prone the area is to natural calamities like landslides and fire for their research.
Parameters taken for study:
- Earthquake of magnitude 6.0 and above
- Building frailty
- Life-saving abilities
- Potential for Landslides and fire
1. Kathmandu, Nepal: In the year 1934, a major earthquake hit Nepal and killed nearly 20,000 people. This was the last major earthquake recorded in Nepal. Kathmandu is the densely populated city in Nepal with over 1 million people and when an earthquake hits, it may claim nearly 69,000 lives.
Image courtesy asianoffbeat
2. Istanbul, Turkey: The earthquake that occurred in the year 1509 was the major earthquake recorded in Istanbul city. This earthquake referred as “The Lesser Judgement Day” as it killed around 10,000 people followed by aftershocks for a period of 45 days. Istanbul has a population close to 10 million and lies between Africa and Eurasia. A whooping 55,000 people may lose their lives if an earthquake hits this city of Turkey.
Image courtesy turkiye
3. Delhi, India: An earthquake with a highest magnitude recorded in history in Delhi was 5.6 in the year 1960. Delhi is yet another densely populated city with a population close to 14 million. This is one of the largest cities in India and an earthquake may claim nearly 38,000 lives.