The World’s Most Amazing Mountains

Around 40 million years ago, the Australian-Indian plate was drifting northwards towards the Eurasian plate. Ancient rock on the sea floor between them was gradually pushed upwards to form the beginnings of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau. Eventually the Indian plate moved under the Eurasian plate, pushing up the mountains further still.

The World’s Most Amazing Mountains

By Mr Ghaz, September 24, 2010

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The World’s Most Amazing Mountains

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A mountain is defined as an upward projection of the Earth’s surface with an altitude of at least 600m (1968 ft). Most major mountain ranges from where two of the Earth’s plates push together, which is also where most volcanoes occur. The process that produced mountains are collectively called orogenesis, from ‘oros’ meaning mountain, and ‘genesis’, to come into being. There are three types of mountain – fold, fault-block, and volcanic. Weathering and erosion, especially by glaciers, gradually break up a range and create individual peaks. Individual mountains that are not part of a range are known as monarchs.

The Andes

 

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The range is one of the youngest. It began forming 4.5 million years ago.

The Andes run almost the entire length of South America. The system is divided into two parallel ranges; the older eastern range: the Cordillera Oriental, and the younger, western range, the Cordillera Occidental. They are separated by a high-altitude plateau called the Altiplano.

Types of Mountains

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Fold Mountains form where layers of folded rock are pushed upwards along the edge of a continental plate as two plates collide. Most mountains formed this way, including the Alps, Himalayas and Appalachians.

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Fault-Block Mountains are formed by the displacement of rock along a fault in the Earth’s crust. The Sierra Nevada in California, the Grand Tetons in Wyoming, and the mountains along the East African Rift Valley formed this way.

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23 Responses to “The World’s Most Amazing Mountains”
  1. Moses Ingram Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 6:36 pm

    I enjoyed reading this. Thank you.


  2. lucia anna Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 6:39 pm

    Excellent


  3. Moses Ingram Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 6:39 pm

    I enjoyed this very much. Thank you for sharing.


  4. Uma Shankari Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 6:48 pm

    Awesome. These mountains are a treat, indeed.


  5. nobert soloria bermosa Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 6:59 pm

    one of our natural protections from calamities such as typhoon…awesome presentation


  6. lindalulu Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 7:05 pm

    Nice article and all mountains are so beautiful!


  7. margaridab Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 7:08 pm

    Beautiful photos!


  8. MaxBuceo Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 8:48 pm

    So interesting… i like it


  9. webseowriters Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 9:15 pm

    A beautiful post


  10. Sudheer Birodkar Says...

    On September 24, 2010 at 9:45 pm

    Nice post Mr. Ghaz, and Great photos too. I am a nature lover too. So we share common interests


  11. quiet voice Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 12:36 am

    …Very nice article…love the pictures. To advertise your work check out TradeonlineAmerica.com, it’s free. Look for Books and Literature and mention Free Literature in your title. Good luck.


  12. nurasaken Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 12:53 am

    beautiful 0:-)


  13. Nursalam Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 2:56 am

    awesome post! Wonderful pictures. very interesting read. Thanks Mr G


  14. PSingh1990 Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 3:05 am

    Nice Share.

    :-)


  15. GodsGrace Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 3:33 am

    Nice Post


  16. Christine Ramsay Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 3:42 am

    So much well researched information and wonderful photography.
    An excellent post.

    Christine


  17. My World Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 4:15 am

    Nice Post……….

    Thanks for share.


  18. monica55 Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 9:46 am

    An excellent post, with such breath taking pictures. I really love them because mountains are my favorite pieces of landscape. Well done Ghazali.
    Monica.


  19. CHAN LEE PENG Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 11:34 am

    Beautiful mountains and a good collection here. I particularly like the andes. :-)


  20. Hermitbiker Says...

    On September 25, 2010 at 5:45 pm

    … an incredible article all about mountains with some fabulous images…. thank you for showcasing this post !!


  21. papaleng Says...

    On September 28, 2010 at 2:28 am

    lovely pictures of mountain and a nice read.


  22. Idazalee Says...

    On September 28, 2010 at 7:45 am

    Wonderful post!! Beautiful pictures. I like it!!


  23. revivor Says...

    On October 3, 2010 at 6:06 pm

    there’s nothing like a mountain!!


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