Thunderstorms occur frequently during the months of June to November. This is because this is the period referred to as the Hurricane Season, where major flooding and disasters occur to homes, businesses, buildings, infrastructure and livestock.
A thunderstorm is defined by the Merriam Webster Dictionary as “a storm accompanied by lightning and thunder.” Such a storm can be very severe. When it reaches this state of severity, thunderstorms usually have hail, very gustily winds and tornados.
For a thunderstorm to form it requires moisture, rising air which is unstable and a lifting mechanism. The first stage of a thunderstorm is observed by a cumulus cloud being pushed up by rising air. The tipping point is observed when the rising air continues to feed the storm and then precipitation is released and rain begins. These storms may have black or dark green color in appearance.
There are four types of thunderstorms and they are as follows:
A single cell thunderstorm- Such a storm is defined as “an air mass that contains up and down drafts in connective loops, moves and reacts as a single entity, and functions as the smallest unit of a storm-producing system.” This type of storm usually last around thirty minutes and are not severe. Also, they are different to predict because they occur at random times and locations.
A multicell cluster is defined as “a group of cells moving as one, with each having its own life cycle.” This type of thunderstorm is very common and can produce hail, flash floods and tornados.
A multicell line storm is defined as “a long line of storms with a continuous well-developed gust front.
A super cell is the most organized among the types of thunderstorms. With this type of storm, there is little or no precipitation fall back down, making the storm survive for a long period of time.