Matter and Energy Moving Through an Ecosystem

How does Matter and Energy pass through an Ecosystem!!!

1.) How does matter move through ecosystems, and how does this differ from energy? Explain.  MAtter cycles between organic and inorganic states while energy can be transformed than passed on to another organism which will continue to be passed or it will be released as heat.
2.) Describe how Carbon cycles through ecosystems.  Carbon is cycled by going from the inorganic state of CO2, which is used to make sugar in photosynthesis. When in the form of glucose, carbon fixing occurs which will make the inorganic Carbon become organic. Those sugars will be passed along through the food web and those organisms will breath out the inorganic CO2. Also Combustion will yield CO2.
3.) Describe the Nitrogen cycle.  Nitrogen will begin in the inorganic state of N2. Nitrogen fixing bacteria will add NH3 to the inorganic N2 which will yield NH3 ( ammonia) Ammonifying bacteria will add a H + ion to the ammonia creating an ammonium ion NH4 +. Nitrifying bacteria will yield Nitrite and Nitrate from the ammonium ion. Continuing the process plants will take the nitrate and create organic molecules. Denitrification will finally take place, Denitrifying bacteria will take those organic molecules and create N2.
4.) Differentiate between weather and climate. Weather is the day to day conditions of the earths atmosphere is a specific time and location. CLimate is the average year to year precipitation and weather in a given location. Weather  is a more specific description of a locations temperature and precipitation rather than yearly data.
5.) Describe and discuss the factors that have an effect on climate in a region.  Trapped Heat, the greenhouse effect traps heat within our atmosphere. latitude, the distance from the equator affects the degree of which the sun shall hit that location. Transport of heat by wind and ocean currents can transport heat to nearby land masses bringing a warm or cold wind. Proximity to large bodies of water, will affect wind and its temperature. Proximity to mountain ranges will affect precipitation on the shadowed side while the open side of the mountain should be lush with trees and grass from the rain compared to the shadowed side. Shape and elevation of the land masses, landlocked areas have cold winds coming from the plains while islands or coasts will have warm winds coming.

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