Fast facts about Iceland’s volcano Hekla.
Volcano Hekla is located in Iceland and is in close proximity to volcanoes Eyjafjallajokull and Katla.
Along with Katla, Hekla is also currently being monitored due to the eruptions at Eyjafjallajokull.
The peak of Hekla is 4,892 feet.
Hekla has produced 10 percent of Iceland’s layered build up of volcanic ash, in the last 1000 years.
In the last 1000 years, Hekla has produced more lava (8km) than any other volcano.
Icelandic locals and historians refer to Hekla as “the gateway to hell” because of its historical eruptions.
The first recorded eruption at Hekla was in 1104. Since then, there have been up to 30 notable eruptions.
Eruptions at Hekla are not predictable and do not seem to follow any kind of a set pattern. The only current pattern recognized is that the longer Hekla lies dormant, the more catastrophic the eruption will be when it does happen.
Hekla eruptions are more frequent than Katla and Eyjafjallajokull and the last one was in 2000.
In January of 2010, lava chamber pressure started resembling readings taken before the last eruption. Scientists are watching this volcano and anticipating and eruption in the near future.
Image by borkur.net via Flickr