Awakening the Spirit of Krakatau from Indonesia Seabed.
Awakening the spirit of Krakatoa was initially seen by a group of fishermen in one afternoon, June 29, 1927. “With a rumbling sound, gas bubbles are very large swell suddenly to the sea surface,” writes Simon Winchester (2003), describes the emergence of new mountains of the former caldera of Krakatoa, “The bubbles that explode into clouds of ash and gas that ejects foul-smelling sulfur. “
Faintly heard from the citizens, in January 1928, the Dutch geologist, JMW Nash, came to the former caldera of Krakatoa. He also witnessed the emergence of a new island, or more precisely half circle-shaped layer of sand about 10 feet long. At the center of the arch, he saw a mound of rocks as high as 8.93 meters above sea level are still smoking. This sand layer is an embryonic-born volcanic island that is named: Anak Krakatau. Mound which became the center of bursts were then kept poking up and become crater.
The emergence of Anak Krakatau exactly with predictions Verbeek. In 1885, after several visits to Krakatau, he warned about the possible resurrection of the spirit of Krakatoa, “… if the volcano is doing a new activity, it is estimated the islands will appear in the middle of the ocean basin surrounded by peaks Rakata, Sertung, and length , as the island of Santorini Kaimeni appear in groups, and just as Danan crater itself and the act was formed in the sea in the ancient crater walls. “
The rebirth of Anak Krakatau 1883 post-reinforcing story of the destruction of Proto Krakatau. Speculation was originally delivered by George Adriaan De Neve who suspect the ancient caldera of Krakatoa exploded in the third century BC. He based his hunch on historical documents and volcanic deposits beneath the Java Sea Strait.
“There is evidence that long before the eruption in 1883, perhaps 60,000 years ago or before that, there is a much larger mountain which some geologists called Ancient Krakatoa which they believe is as high as 6,000 feet and concentrated on an island that was almost perfectly circular, with diameter of 9 miles, “said Winchester.
However, a massive eruption devastated the island, forming a group of islands consists of four small islands. At the north end of the cluster, there are two low coral islands and crescent-shaped, which is called the length of the east and the west is called Sertung. Inside the circle was formed two islands, there is a Polish Hat, which is a small piece of volcanic rock, and an island that consists of three peaks, namely at the peak of southern Rakata, Danan in the central part, and actions in the north.
The existence of these islands before the eruption of 1883 is irrefutable. From the trip reports of Western explorers, the islands had once been inhabited. Ships Resolution and Discovery, led the famous British explorer, Captain James Cook, had been stopped twice on the island of Krakatoa. Both ships were on their way south to find the world. As noted by colleague Cook, botanist Joseph Banks, in January 1771, “In the evening anchored under high island among the sailors called Cracatoa and by the Indians Pulo Racatta.”
Banks continued his report, “… this morning when we woke up to see there are many houses and trees plantation in Cracatoa, so maybe the ship could increase the stock here.” Six years later, Cook stopped back there and still find villages with fields of pepper and various other plants.
Long before geologists speculate about the existence of Proto Krakatau, the ancient Javanese people actually already have a belief about the existence of this mountain. In fact, in Javanese mythology, it is said, the island of Sumatra and Java initially were together. The eruption of Krakatoa is deemed to have split this up into two mainland islands, as narrated in the Book of Kings written by poet Surakarta, Ronggowarsito, in 1869.
Once, the land of Java and Sumatra was still together. Once, Sri Maharaja Kanwa, who led the land of Java, and brought savage stabbing of a hermit named Rishi Prakampa to death. Mount Batuwara immediately audible rumble. Kapi-old name of Mount Krakatoa-balance it by the massive eruption, were lifted up out of the red fire, thunder thunder, tidal surge, and then came the disaster of flood and heavy rains. Red hot flame is not quenched by water, even greater. Kapi mountain collapsed crumbled into the earth.
Sea water flooded the land, reaching Mount or Mount pulosari Batuwara eastward to Mount Kamula, Pangrango Mount or Mount Gede, and as far west as Mount Rajabasa in Lampung. When the ocean had receded again, Krakatoa and surrounding lands has become a sea. In the northwestern part of the island called Sumatra and in the eastern part is called Java.
The narrative in the Book of Kings, for some Western scientists is just a fairy tale that was originally underestimated. The book is almost never a reference to the study of Krakatoa. However, lately, finding a layer of sediment that much older than the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa erupted confirm that prior to that year.
“Prior to the formation of the caldera, 1883, Krakatoa erupted at least twice. We found two groups of the eruption of the caldera beneath layers of sediment formed in 1883, the exact location on the outcrop east-southeast of the island of Rakata and Panjang,” said Sutikno.
Carbon data collection conducted by Haraldur Sigurdsson 1999 found, under the deposition from the eruption of 1883 there are deposits that formed in 1215 BC and 6600 BC.
Tsunami experts, Concussion Prasetya, also believes that once the existence of Ancient Krakatoa erupted far more powerful than the eruption in 1883. In fact, did not rule out “fairy tale” about the separation of Java and Sumatra by the eruption of Krakatoa is a geological fact.
Ken Wohletz of Los Alamos National Laboratory have created a simulation of the possibility of separation of Java and Sumatra, was the ancestor of Anak Krakatau eruption. In conclusion, the eruption of a super (supereruption) 8 in the index scale volcanic eruptions (Volcanic Explosivity index / VEI) as a super volcano eruption (Supervolcano) Toba in North Sumatra could very likely have occurred at Krakatoa.