A research on copper and titanium – Uses, extraction, smelting and properties.
Feasibility Report into Expansion of the
Metal Products Division
The ores of Copper are Chalcolite, Chalcopyrite, Bornite, Azurite, Malachite and Chrysocolla The main ore used for copper is Bornite. Their chemical numbers are: Cu2S, Cu5Fe4S, Cu5FeS4, Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2, Cu2CO3(OH)2 and CuSiO32H2O.
The ores of Titanium are Rutile and Ilmenite. Their chemical formulas are TiO2 and FeTiO3.
Copper is extracted by smelting. For smelting copper ore is mined then ground and concentrated Then it can be smelted to make copper metal. This method is very energy consuming as the rock must ground to power like fineness.
Titanium is extracted by converting it to Titanium chloride and then displaced from this compound using a more reactive metal.
The properties of Titanium include: silvery metallic colour; its solid at 298 degrees Kelvin; its density is 4510kg/m3; it has a melting point of 1668 oC and a boiling point of 3287 oC.
Titanium is used for alloys with aluminum, molybdenum, manganese, iron and other metals. They are usually used in the aerospace industry, for both airframes and engines. This is due to the fact that titanium is lightweight, strong and has a high melting point. It is twice as strong as aluminium; it is also nearly as resistant to corrosion as platinum. It is a component of joint replacement parts, including hip ball and sockets. It has an excellent resistance to sea water and is used for propeller shafts, rigging and other parts of ships exposed to water. Titanium paint is extremely good at reflecting infrared radiation, so it can be used in solar observatories where heat causes bad viewing conditions. Titanium is also used for the outside of tanks as it is extremely strong.
Titanium would be purchased by many companies, like the military for jet planes and fighters and tanks. Other companies like Boeing and other aircraft builders would be interested in buying titanium to make jet engines the outsides of planes and the wings. Companies that build boats will also need to buy titanium for the hull, propellers and any part of the ship that will come into contact with water.
Copper sulphate can be used as poison to kill slugs and fungi.
Computer manufacturing companies like IBM, HP, Dell, Compaq
and Intel would be interesting in purchasing pure copper for inside the wiring. Also pharmaceutical companies would be interested in buying copper as it is used in drugs.
Copper is malleable and ductile; it is an excellent electrical conductor; it is an essential nutrient to life; it’s resistant to corrosion; it has excellent heat transfer characteristics; it is non-magnetic; it’s durable and recyclable.