The biggest lizard in the world. The prehistoric animal still alive in Komodo Island, Indonesia.
Komodo or Komodo dragon (Varanus Komodoensis) is endangered animal. It’s remainder of ancient animal. Komodo is the largest lizard in the world. Its length can achieve 3.13 meters, and the weight can achieve 165 kg.
Komodo is prehistoric inheritance. It has existed more than 60 million years. It’s special animal. It a carnivorous animal. It can live by eat only 12 times a year. It has poison like snake. It has tusk like wolf. When chasing its prey, Komodo nimble like crocodile. Komodo can live more than 50 years.
The original habitat of komodo is in Komodo Island, Regency of Manggarai Barat (West Manggarai), province of Nusa Tenggara Timur (East-Nusa Tenggara), Indonesia. The natives call komodo as Ora. Besides Komodo Island, Komodo also lives in Rinca Island, Flores Island and Gili Dasumi Island. They include Nusa Tenggara archipelago.
Komodo has protected since Indonesia under Dutch colonialism. It was first documented in 1908. It started when Dutch soldiers reported about existence of Dragon animal in an island in Nusa Tenggara Timur. Then Lt. Steyn van Hens Broek, an administrator official of Dutch colonialism and Dutch navy went to the island. They killed a giant lizard and photographed it. The picture was sent to Peter A. Ouwens, Director of Zoological museum and Botanical Garden in Bogor.
Dutch Government named the island as Komodo Island at 1910. Then picture of komodo was published in 1912. After that, the researchers, missionaries, and tourists started to visit Komodo Island. 1915, Dutch government regulated a protection of the komodo from hunting and killing.
After independent, Indonesia government stipulated Komodo Island as Taman Nasional Komodo (Komodo National Park) in 1980. Then in 1991, UNESCO stated that Komodo Island as World Heritage Site.
Komodo island also one of nominees of New 7 Wonders of Nature that will be announced in November 11, 2011. Unfortunately, because of polemic between Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Indonesia and New 7 Wonders Foundation, it’s hard to make Komodo Island as New 7 Wonders of Nature. However, the vote still can be done in site of New7Wonders or by phone or SMS. Please support Komodo be New 7 Wonder of Nature, to preserve the animal. Because Komodo Island is not only an important tourism destination in Indonesia, but also World Heritage Site. Komodo is the real Wonders of the World.
Image from Google