Animals exhibit a certain level of territoriality. What is the intent of territorial behavior? This article explains why some animals become aggressive towards its own kind and even other species.
A certain level of territoriality is exhibited by many animals. The commonly observed territorial behavior are exhibited by dogs (marks territory by urination or defecation) and cats (rubbing objects with their bodies).
There are other animals that also exhibit territorial behavior; and they have different reasons for doing so. The following are some of the notable animals showing territoriality and the reasons why they defend and even die in the process of keeping spaces for themselves.
1. To defend its host from predation.
Clownfish aggressively defends the sea anemone from polyp consuming fishes and other predators. Also, the sea anemone benefits from the constant fanning of fins of the clownfish and feeding on leftovers that prevent accumulation of waste. The clownfish hide among the tentacles of the sea anemone and are immune to its sting. They form a mutualistic (both benefit) relationship because the clownfish benefits from the leftover food of the sea anemone.
2. Defend its ranges.
3. To protect a harem.
The male crocodiles defend a larger territory consisting of smaller territories occupied by females of the same species.
3. To protect young.
Coots aggressively protect their eggs from even larger birds like geese.
4. To keep intruders from competing in their feeding area.
A house lizard bites its own kind to keep it out of its feeding area.
>>>Related Read: Sando plastic bags can kill geckos.
5. To find a mate.
Bull mooses urinate on the ground not only to set their territory but also to let the cows know that they are present.
Human Territorial Behavior
Humans also exhibit territoriality. Throughout history, man has been invading or colonizing other countries than its own. This is done for various reasons, and obviously some do it for power, economic reasons, assertion of control, strategic advantage, or for unknown agenda towards its favor.