What is Cytoplasm and Its Function

The basic structure of a eukaryotic cell contains a nucleus that contains DNA, ribosomes, vesicles, endoplasmic reticulum (both rough and smooth), Golgi apparatus, cytoskeleton, mitochondria, vacuoles, Centrioles, lysosomes, cytoplasm and plasma membrane. A cell wall may or may not be present.

The cells are the building blocks of life, as they constitute the basic unit (structural and functional) of all living things.  Each cell has its own functions, performed with the help of complex structures inside.  These structures form a continuous network and collectively achieve the target assigned to the cell.  A single cell can absorb nutrients, convert nutrients into energy, play and perform specific tasks.  Is this a joint effort of all the structures that make a cell work effectively.  Because the cell functions are different, the individual cellular processes do not interfere with others.  This is achieved by connecting the components in each cell by a membrane called the cell membrane.  Cell membrane forms a barrier between individual cells, but allow the selective chemistry, which is necessary for the operation and survival.

What is cytoplasm?

As mentioned above, each cell several components that contribute to the cell to function.  The components of a cell varies by cell type and function.  There are basically two types of cells – prokaryotic and eukaryotic.  The main difference is that the latter type of cells are relatively smaller than the old quarter and the offense and some other organelles.  The basic structure of a eukaryotic cell contains a nucleus that contains DNA, ribosomes, vesicles, endoplasmic reticulum (both rough and smooth), Golgi apparatus, cytoskeleton, mitochondria, vacuoles, Centrioles, lysosomes, cytoplasm and plasma membrane.  A cell wall may or may not be present.

In the case of plant cells (which are also eukaryotes), there are walls made of cellulose of different cells, resulting in a normal cell.  Plant cells have chloroplasts and relatively large vacuoles.

cytoplasm is the jelly-like fluid that fills the gap between the nucleus and plasma membrane.  All structures within a cell is suspended in this solution, known as the cytoplasm.  Cytoplasm consists of a transparent substance called hyaloplasm or cytosol.  Nearly 90% of the cytosol is water and 70% of cell volume.  Cytoplasm also contains the protein filaments that make up the cytoskeleton, and soluble protein complexes of the vault.  The interior, granular cytoplasm called the endoplasm.  Various enzymes, fatty acids, sugars, amino acids and salts found in the cytoplasm, in dissolved form.  We now have a basic idea about the function and structure of the cytoplasm.  Take a look at the function in the cell cytoplasm.

Function in the cell cytoplasm

The role of cytoplasm in a plant cell is almost equal to the role of an animal cell cytoplasm.  In general, the function of a cell cytoplasm almost mechanically.  Provides support to internal structures to be a means of suspension.  Cytoplasm of a cell function, including its role in maintaining the shape and texture of the cell.  One of the most important functions in the cell cytoplasm and the shops of many chemicals that are inevitable in life.  Cytoplasm in this important metabolic reactions such as glycolysis, protein synthesis carried out anaerobically.  Enzymes dissolved in the cytosol to break large molecules, helps the body or suspended for use.  For example, mitochondria in a cell does not use the glucose molecules present in the cytoplasm.  The enzymes break in the cytoplasm of glucose molecules to molecules of pyruvate, which is used by the mitochondria.

Exchange of chemicals between organelles is also one of the functions of a cell cytoplasm.  The exchange of materials with the extracellular fluid is also common to both cytoplasmic functions of the functions of plant and animal cell cytoplasm.

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  1. Atanacio Says...

    On June 22, 2011 at 2:50 pm

    Textbook article very well written :)


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