The cobras are venomous snakes found in Asia and Africa. Some of them are also seen in the American continent.
Cobras are venomous snakes usually found in Asia and Africa and belong to the family Elapidae. They are characterized by their ability to raise their hoods when threatened. This is achieved by flattening their necks. The word cobra is derived from Portuguese language meaning “the snake with the hood”. There are different types of cobras.
The American Cobra
This snake is found in Southeastern America and Northeastern Mexico. The body is made up of a series of rings encircling the body. The females are larger than the males. The venom is injected in only 40% of the bites. The adults reach a length of 0.6 meters.
The Indian cobra
The Indian cobra represents the typical cobra and is found in India, central Asia and Southeast Asia. These snakes are extremely venomous and responsible for several deaths in the rural areas. This species is widely used by the snake charmers who remove the fangs. They can grow to a length of 1.8 to 2.2 meters.
The spitting cobras
The spitting cobras are found in Africa. The most interesting characteristic of these snakes is their ability to eject venom form the sacs in the form of a spray and at high speed. This spray is directed at the eyes of the enemy with great accuracy. This venom is known occasionally known to produce blindness.
The burrowing cobra
Although it is known as a burrowing snake, it tends to spend more time under leaf litter. It grows to a length of 0.5 to 0.8meters. It is usually found in rain forests of Central Africa. It is rarely seen.
These snakes usually found on trees are extremely venomous and dangerous. These are also found in Africa. These are also rarely seen. They grow to a length of 2.2 to 2.7 meters. They are come across in rain forests.
These snakes are usually found in Central and Southern Africa. These are aquatic snakes and can be considered as fresh water snakes. They are good divers and can dive up o a depth of 25 meters to catch fish. They can spread their hood even under water. They are extremely venomous, but human bites are rare. They are equally comfortable on land.
False water cobra
These snakes are found in South America. They are not cobras. They are called cobras because of their ability to flatten their neck like a cobra. They can grow to a length of 2 meters. They prefer to live in wet areas.
The king cobra
As the name implies, they are truly the king of not only cobras, but also all venomous snakes. The king cobra is the longest venomous snake in the world and can grow up to 14 feet. The longest specimen recorded had a length of 18 feet. The preferred food of the king cobras consists of snakes including venomous snakes. This is also the only snake which builds a nest. It is extremely agile and dangerous. When challenged, it does not run away. It is not as venomous as some other snakes, but is dangerous because of the large amount of venom injected in a bite. Its bite can easily kill an elephant. It is usually found in South and Southeastern Asia.