Seven Characteristics of Life

According to biology, the science that deals with the study of living organisms, it is life that distinguishes organisms from inorganic active material in nature. If something is life, then be self-sufficient in nature, as opposed to something that has no life or because he is dead or lifeless. All living organisms consist of cells, use of energy, maintain homeostasis, respond to stimuli, reproduce, adapt to changes in the environment and transmit their characteristics to the sources.

According to biology, the science that deals with the study of living organisms, it is life that distinguishes organisms from inorganic active material in nature.  If something is life, then be self-sufficient in nature, as opposed to something that has no life or because he is dead or lifeless.  All living organisms consist of cells, use of energy, maintain homeostasis, respond to stimuli, reproduce, adapt to changes in the environment and transmit their characteristics to the sources.

7 characteristics of life

If you study biology, the characteristics of life one of the most important things you learn.  All living organisms have these properties.  They share the basic characteristics of life, which is considered alive or not alive.  Although there are certain characteristics that are species specific, these seven characteristics of life are common to all living beings.  Here we take a look at the characteristics of life.

Cells
Cells are the basic units of life of all living organisms, which is composed of one or more cells.  There are single-celled organisms that consists of a single cell and multicellular organisms are composed of multiple cells, each cell with a specific function.  A cell consists of organelles as mitochondria, nucleus, Golgi apparatus, etc., which are the similar organs in our body.  These organelles composed of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, and perform functions such as power generation in the form of ATP, transfer of molecules, protein synthesis, cells, etc. are of the same type of comparative tissue to form around the organs.

Homeostasis
All living organisms to maintain homeostasis.  What is homeostasis?  The process by regulating the body’s internal environment to maintain a steady state.  This process was first defined by Claude Bernard and later by Walter Cannon.  All organizations need to maintain a stable environment to maintain cellular metabolism, which is essential for life.  If the internal environment of an organism is changed, it is possible that the normal processes are interrupted.  One of the best examples to explain this phenomenon of homeostasis is how the body balances the change in body temperature by performing actions that balance.  If you are cold, do not realize that a tendency to shake, causing the muscles to produce heat or feels warm, the body produces sweat to help the evaporation of body heat.

Legacy
All living organisms are some of the hereditary properties of organisms from their parents.  All organisms pass on their genes to their offspring springs.  Genes are made of DNA that has all the information that is hereditary in nature.  These genes are those that make an organism predisposed to certain traits or behave in a certain way.  The study of heredity is called and the legacy that makes a species to evolve by the accumulation of various properties of the parent organization for a period.  This is one of the most important functions in life.

Energy
All living organisms need energy to perform various functions such as development, growth, repair damage, reproduction, etc. The most living organisms need this energy in the form of ATP and its demand is derived from the energy needed for the functions of movement and metabolism.  Metabolic activities include a set of processes that allow living organisms to sustain life.  Anabolism used to convert chemical energy into cellular components such as molecules and catabolism produces energy by breaking the molecules of organic material.  The plants convert the sun’s energy to produce nutrients through the process of photosynthesis.  Other animals eat other organisms to supplement their energy needs.

Reproduction
All living organisms reproduce, which is the process by which new organisms of the same type that occurs.  Reproduction may be asexual, producing a single mother or a sexual organ, combining male and female sex cells and body both parents of each gender to contribute to the hereditary information in the organization.  When a single cell organism parts to form a daughter cell, is called asexual reproduction and the process by which animals reproduce is called sexual reproduction.

Response to environment
All living organisms react to stimuli in their environment, such as light, temperature, noise, heat, etc. The answer may be in any form, for example, when single-celled organisms are exposed to chemicals, contract.  In humans, accidental contact with an object to be exposed to extreme temperatures cause a sudden movement.  The answer is usually expressed by an organism of some kind of movement.

Change and adaptation
All organizations are experiencing the process of adaptation to their surroundings at will.  For example, most plants in the desert have succulent leaves, which allows them to store and conserve water.  Developed over a period of time, depending on their environment.  This is crucial for the process of evolution.  You can also learn more about the characteristics of living things.

If necessary, explain the biological concept of the student, then the best approach would be the use of different organisms and create a record for life, allowing students to study these features more convenient.  Hopefully, this article about the characteristics of life helped you to understand the difference between a living organism and an inanimate object.

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