Article is about some of India’s rarest animals that live in the wild today.
Rare Wild Animals Found In India
Black Buck (Antilope cervicapra)
The Black Buck is a species of antelope found in India that are highly endangered. The distinctive horns of the Blackbuck are ringed with one to four spiral turns, and can be as long as 30 inches long. Their body length can reach up to five feet long, and be about three feet in shoulder height. Blackbucks usually roam the plains in herds of 15 to 20 animals, and they are also one of the fastest animals found in India. The main threats to the species today are poaching, habitat destruction, overgrazing, and diseases. Wildlife parks and zoos are currently breeding this beautiful animal to help increase its numbers.
Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)
The Indian Elephant is a subspecies of the Asian Elephant. They can be found in the wild in the dense forest of India including the tropical forests of South India, North East India, and the Sub Himalayan Region as well. They can grow up to be 12 feet tall, 20 feet long, and weigh up to 5 tons. The lifespan of the Indian Elephant is about 70 years. Rarly seen in the wild anymore, it is believed that less then 50,000 elephants remain in India today. Poaching and loss of habitat are the two main factors that are killing them off and bringing it closer to being extinct in the wild.
Indian Leopard (Panthera pardus fusca)
The Indian Leopard is a leopard subspecies found throughout India. It is one of four big cat species found in India today, and it is critically endangered. The life span of this beautiful creature is about 20 to 25 years. Their head is larger than their body, and the males are usually bigger then the females. Indian Leopards are carnivorous. They feed on reptiles, amphibians, monkeys, rodents, birds, fish, wild pigs, smaller mammals, and many other animals as well. The number of wild Indian Leopards continues to decline due to habitat loss and human poaching.
Indian Lions (Panthera leo persica)
Also called the Asiatic Lion, the Indian Lion is the king of the forest here in India. They are very social animals living in units called prides. A pride of Indian Lions usually consists of one male, two females, and one or two young lions. They prey on deer, wild boars, gazelles, antelopes, water buffalos, and anything else that it has the opertunity to kill. The Indian Lion is a very endangered animal, and this year it is believed that less then 500 lions remain in the wild in India.
Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)
Confined to the tall grasslands and forests in the foothills of the Himalayas. The Indian Rhinoceros once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain but excessive hunting reduced their natural habitat drastically. Today only about 3,000 Indian Rhinos remain in the wild. The Indian Rhinoceros is a great swimmer and very fast runner, reaching speeds of up to 25 mph. Although their eye sight isn’t that good, they do have awesome hearing and smelling capabilities that help them survive. The males are much larger then the females, and they can grow to be over 6,000 pounds in weight. Their diet consists almost entirely of grasses, but the rhino is also known to eat leaves, shrubs, fruits, and floating aquatic plants.