Protect The Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo Abelii)

Sumatran Orangutans are animals endemic to the island of Sumatra. Species of great apes such as gorillas and chimpanzees can only be found in the forests of Sumatra and is the most endangered primate species in the world.
Characterist.

Sumatran Orangutan Pongo abelii or is among the 11 most endangered mammal in Indonesia. Sumatran orangutan population is estimated only about 6,500 individuals (depatermen environment, 2007) only. Its population is much less than his brother, Borneo orangutan.
Sumatran Orangutans are animals endemic to the island of Sumatra. Species of great apes such as gorillas and chimpanzees can only be found in the forests of Sumatra and is the most endangered primate species in the world.
Characteristics and Description Sumatran Orangutan. Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) is almost similar to the Borneo orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) but has a smaller body size. Sumatran orangutan height approximately 1.25 to 1.5 meters with a body weight range 30-50 kg (females) and 50-90 kg (males).
 
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii)
Another characteristic of the Sumatran orangutan is a great posture, long arms and strong, short legs, and no tail. In his body covered with feathers (hair) in maroon.
Sumatran Orangutan is an omnivorous animal though more like plants. The food could be fruit, leaves, bark, flowers, bird eggs, insects, and other small vertebrates.
Orangutan adult males more often alone. Small groups comprise only 2-3 orangutan. Endemic Sumatran has a cruising range of about 2-10 km. Children will be with their mother orangutan until the age of 3.5 years. While the adult female orangutan start and was able to reproduce at the age of 10-11 years.
What distinguishes the Borneo orangutan, in addition to body size is relatively small, the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) males have cheek pouches that long.
Regional Distribution, Population, and Conservation. As the endemic Sumatran, Sumatran Orangutan can only be found on the island of Sumatra. Some areas are a major habitat, among others, in northern Sumatra (Aceh and North Sumatra) as in the Gunung Leuser National Park and Wildlife Bukit Lawang. The last few years have made the Sumatran orangutan reintroduction into the Thirty Hill National Park (Jambi and Riau).
Sumatran orangutans (Pongo abelii) is increasingly declining. According to data Redlist IUCN (2004) 7300 only mammal populations tail only. And according to data from the Ministry of Forestry in the Strategy and Action Plan for Orangutan Conservation (2007) population is estimated at 6500 birds. Yet according to the 1994 survey of primate populations are still 12,000 tails.
The more rare and declining population caused by the Sumatran Orangutan habitat degradation as the Sumatran Orangutan. Sumatran tropical forests by UNESCO as a world heritage site degradation due to conversion of palm oil plantations, mining, clearing, both legal and illegal logging, settlement and forest fires.
Threats also occur due to illegal hunting and trade. According to WWF, in 1985-1990 only around 1,000 Sumatran orangutans’s more have been sold to Taiwan.
Because the population continues to decline rapidly, the IUCN Redlist include the Sumatran orangutan conservation status of Critically Endangered (Critical) since 2000. With this status of Sumatran orangutans became one of the 11 most endangered mammals in Indonesia.
Sumatran orangutans are also included in the list of Appendix I by CITES, which means should not be traded in any form of international trade. Being in Indonesia, Sumatra endemic animals are protected by Law. 5 of 1990 and Government Regulation. 7 of 1999.
If the threat of poaching and the Sumatran forest area continues to shrink left, did not rule out the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) will be the first large primate species in the world. And it certainly will be a painful record of Indonesia all of us.
Scientific classification. Kingdom: Animalia; Phylum: Chordata; Class: Mammalia; Order: Primates; Family: Hominidae; Upafamili: Ponginae; Genus: Pongo; species: Pongo abelii.

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