Integrated Fish Farming.
Native indian farming is known for its multifunctionalities of providing employment, living, meals, nutritional and environmental investments .Today the Native indian marketplace is based on mainly in the area of farming and software development in the place of Information Technology. For achieving quick progress in province, our strategy must focus on; protecting natural resources, enhancing powerful of source use, improving performance and earnings and improving quality and competition through decreased unit price of generation.
Integrated place nutritional value and protection systems of vegetation, animals and aquaculture generation are being modified for various agro-ecologies. Water is appearing as national challenge and its most powerful management as well as recycle where possible has been given higher priority in the plan of method. Recycling of vegetation remains as well as farming by products addition of nitrogen fixing dry beans in revolving, bio plant foods, vermicultres,Agro forestry, vitamin solubbizing micro-organisms, powerful vitamin up taking place versions etc. are being strategies in the research requirement. Improved performance farm systems energy, agro- feedback and source efficiency technological innovation of minimum tillage are being investigated to reduce the price of generation.
In certain areas, paddy job areas remain bombarded with water for a interval of 3-8 months in a year, during which some development of types of fish is quickly possible. Hence, types of fish is developed in paddy area to give maintainable extra supply to the cultivator. This practice is typical in Italia, Asia, Malaysia, several Africa countries and somewhat in Native indian various techniques are employed for types of fish lifestyle in paddy job areas based on the climate local circumstances, types of types of fish available and the variety of paddy developed. The gardening of paddy is the primary purpose of farmer; hence types of fish lifestyle is to be designed to the schedule of paddy gardening. Species that are ideal for lifestyle in paddy job areas must be able to flourish in short water. They should be able to withstand relatively higher temperature and turbidity. Certain carps, murrels and tilapia are ideal for lifestyle in paddy job areas. Fish lifestyle is beneficial to the paddy also somewhat. Fish perform tillage; eliminate filter and pest that cause harm to the paddy vegetation, thus improving paddy generation.
In Native indian, studies performed on types of fish lifestyle in paddy job areas in W.Bengal have shown that the success rate of Labeo, Catla and Mrigal varies from 34-40%, and the types show more quick development in paddy job areas than in lakes. Fields that are left bombarded for a short or long while after growing can be quickly utilize for types of fish lifestyle.
. The wetland place which is usually waste land can be used as incorporated types of fish gardening with Makhana lifestyle .This type of combined lifestyle will offer higher performance in source usage, will reduce risk by diversifying vegetation and will provide extra meals and income. This system will be of special importance as it will improve the socio-economic status of sluggish non-urban fisher community.
Fish lifestyle in Makhana lakes can be arranged as:-
a) additional vegetation of types of fish after a Makhana corp.
b) along with the Makhana during the interval of cultivation; and
c) ongoing types of fish lifestyle, switching the types of fish to specially prepared lakes or programs during the growing interval of Makhana.`
The various periods of Makhana gardening in lakes and fish tanks considerably alter as well as affect the environmental circumstances water body. The planktonic performance of such lakes remains very little due to shady exterior imparted by Makhana simply leaves which mostly cover the entire exterior of the lake. So that the air-breathing within a, by advantage of the presence of equipment breathing organs can flourish well in such negative, low- fresh air environmental circumstances. It is a typical view that the air- respiration within a in such green damaged environment are probably made for each other by characteristics itself. These within a are well known for their higher protein, higher iron, higher calcium and low fat articles and easy digestibility and such, ideal for all individuals.
There are various types of air- respiration within a most essentially suited for selling in Makhana lakes. These are usually predacious in characteristics and in lifestyle operation they follow themselves fantastically to second providing with dry garbage types of fish, oil food and grain wheat bran. Among these within a Magur (Clarias batrachus) and Singhi (Heteropneustes fossilis) are known to be providing gastropods, bugs, small crustaceans, and other eggs. Koi (Anabas testudineus) is usually a small plankton birdfeeder in younger periods and takes to insectivorous habit in later periods.
Makhana cum types of fish lifestyle has certain advantage and drawback. The main advantages are :-
1) the most economical using lake or wetland place, since the same lake would be
used for the of both Makhana and types of fish.
2) Utilization of limited extra manual work to deal with types of fish, since both Makhana and types of fish may be taken care at the same time.
3) The quantity of additional of types of fish for, if it all given, will be relatively less
compared to nourish given to the types of fish in general lake lifestyle and the rarely used nourish in Makhana lake improves the virility of the lake by acting as natural plant foods.
4) Fish eat harmful bacteria, such as pest eggs and some other water bugs, water mollusks. The Makhana generate would increase due to decreased pest pest pressure and increased natural fertilizing.
5) The movement of types of fish would outcome in better aeration water and higher tillering of
the Makhana vegetation.
The negatives of the Makhana cum types of fish lifestyle are: -
1) If the types of fish are introduced to early, they may harm the young Makhana vegetation.
2) The huge expansive simply leaves of Makhana place keep water exterior shady from May to Aug. During this interval sun-light will not go through inside water exterior due to
which the grazing chain gets damaged. Due to this the contained fresh air articles of
water gets reduced which makes the environment undesirable.
Another example of combined gardening is prawn lifestyle in combination with types of fish, like major carps. There is no competition for meals or space, as carps are non greedy. The faecal matter of types of fish might serve as an extra meals source for prawns, which are detritus birdfeeder or scavengers. For comprehensive lake lifestyle, fertilizing of the lake and manufactured providing perform a significant part. Rice wheat bran, broken grain, ground nut oil food, types of fish meal, viruses and meat are used as manufactured meals.
Thus by applying modern method for incorporated types of fish gardening on large by the individuals living in the wetland region will definitely perform a huge part in the non-urban marketplace.