The Reproductive Parts of The Female Body

The parts of the female body that are involved in pregnancy and child bearing are called the reproductive organs. They include the two ovaries, the two fallopian tubes, the uterus (womb), and the vagina. These organs lie inside the lower part of the abdomen, called the pelvis, and are protected by bones and muscles. The breasts are also affected by pregnancy and, of course, are essential for breastfeeding the baby.

The parts of the female body that are involved in pregnancy and child bearing are called the reproductive organs. They include the two ovaries, the two fallopian tubes, the uterus (womb), and the vagina. These organs lie inside the lower part of the abdomen, called the pelvis, and are protected by bones and muscles. The breasts are also affected by pregnancy and, of course, are essential for breastfeeding the baby.

Many people, even adults, do not know about the organs inside the body, and do not understand how pregnancy happens. These organs include:

The Ovaries: A woman has two ovaries, one on either side of the womb; each one is the size of a small nut. The ovaries produce the eggs which, if fertilized by sperm from the man, will develop into a baby during the following nine months. The ovaries also produce two important female hormones called estrogen and progesterone. These hormones greatly influence the growth, development, and function of the entire female body, and especially the reproductive organs, throughout a woman’s life. For example, hormones cause the breasts to row, and cause menstruation every month.

The Fallopian Tubes: The two fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the womb on either side. The tubes are 4 – 5 inches (10 – 12 centimeters) long. When the egg is released from one of the ovaries every month, it is pulled into the fallopian tube and is very gently moved along the tube towards the womb. The man’s sperm meets and fertilizes the egg inside the fallopian tube. The fertilized egg then begins a slow journey to the womb, which it reaches about five days after being released from the ovary.

 The Uterus (womb): before pregnancy, the womb is about the size of a small mango or pear. It is about 3 – 4 inches (nine centimeters) long, and weighs only two ounces (60 grams). The lower end of the womb is called the cervix, and connects with the upper part of the vagina. The fertilized egg attaches itself to the lining on the inside of the womb, and the womb then protects and nourishes the new life until a fully developed baby is born. During pregnancy, the womb gradually grows to hold the growing baby, the bag of fluid which surrounds it, and the placenta (the afterbirth). By the time the baby is born, the womb alone weighs about two pounds (nearly a kilo) and holds an average of ten pounds or about five kilos (the baby, placenta, and the fluid around the baby).

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2 Responses to “The Reproductive Parts of The Female Body”
  1. arinze.freelancer Says...

    On August 10, 2009 at 10:23 am

    A wonderful article. Keep it up man.


  2. arinze.freelancer Says...

    On August 10, 2009 at 10:24 am

    Totally answered all my questions.


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