Human Skeleton and Body Parts

The Human skeleton provides support, protection, surfaces for muscles attachments, enables movement, stores minerals (calcium and phosphate) and is a site for the production of red blood cells.


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Human Skeleton and Body Parts

Humans require support to bear their body weights as well as enable them to move about in their environment. The skeletal system in humans provides them with support and the ability to move about. Three types of skeleton found among these organisms are the hydrostatic skeleton, the exoskeleton and the endoskeleton.

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Axial Skeleton

Axial skeleton consists of the skull, cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae, sacrum, coccyx, sternum and ribs.

a)     Skull – The skull is made up of the cranial bones (8 pieces). The cranial bones are joined together by the suture and are immovable. The skull protects the brain. The facial bones protect the sensory organs like the eye, the ear and the nose.

b)    Vertebrae – The vertebrae which numbers 33 are connected together by ligaments and cartilaginous discs to form the vertebral column which encloses and protects the spinal cord.

c)     Sternum – The sternum is a flat piece of structure made of cartilage. Three bones are joined together to form the sternum.

d)    Ribs – 12 pairs of ribs together form the rib cage which plays an important role in the breathing mechanisms. The first seven pairs of ribs known as the true ribs are connected to the sternum via cartilage at the anterior end.

The following three ribs known as the false ribs are connected to neither the seventh rib while the last two ribs (11th, 12th ribs) are connected to the sternum nor other ribs. These are referred to as the floating ribs.

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19 Responses to “Human Skeleton and Body Parts”
  1. Elizabeth Abbott Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 5:07 am

    This is an astounding article. Very self explanatory to the layman. Great work Liz

  2. DA Cournean Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 6:04 am

    Very good MrGhaz and nice timing for me. I am going back to college in August for an associate degree in applied science/medical office technology and am sure this article will benefit me. I seem to retain information better when I can visualize it. Thank you!

  3. Darla Beck Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 8:52 am

    Interesting article.

  4. deep blue Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 9:20 am

    A fantastic review of human anatomy and the structural framework which allows us to function in life with ease. Thanks for sharing my friend.

  5. Susan Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 10:26 am

    Excellent article. I have a son born with spinabifida and through the years have collected many books on anatomy. This is so concise it rolls them all into one.

    I’ve bookmarked the page.

  6. CHAN LEE PENG Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 10:45 am

    You’re really good in this area. Clap and liked it 4 u. :)

  7. Lauren Axelrod Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 11:43 am

    Thanks for the reminder. I got a 100% in ANA 1 and 2. I know this stuff backwards and forwards

  8. Radhika Bhargava Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 11:52 am

    Outstanding write-up…….Great work

  9. George W Whitehead Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 4:09 pm

    Great, informative article, Mr Ghaz.

  10. Phill Senters Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 7:27 pm

    A great, informative piece as usual, Mr. G. Keep it up.

  11. rutherfranc Says...

    On July 8, 2009 at 10:47 pm

    now this is an article with a backbone..

  12. Juancav Says...

    On July 9, 2009 at 12:14 am

    Excellent explained,great job.

  13. Inna Tysoe Says...

    On July 9, 2009 at 12:52 am

    Interesting article. Thanks.


  14. Poetic Enigma Says...

    On July 9, 2009 at 2:10 am

    Wow, very informative and well written!
    Lots of thought and time must have went into this, it shows.
    Thanks for sharing!

  15. Kate Smedley Says...

    On July 9, 2009 at 2:23 am

    Informative, educational and well written as always.

  16. California Dreamer Says...

    On July 9, 2009 at 3:28 am

    As always, another very informative article, you give so much information, seems there is a bit of new information I learn with each one. Thanks for sharing with us.

  17. Idazalee Says...

    On August 10, 2009 at 11:27 pm

    Great article as always. well done! Keep it up

  18. sheila coronado Says...

    On June 27, 2011 at 4:09 am

    i am believe that skeleton

  19. Patrick Owenn D. Salvador Says...

    On October 26, 2011 at 7:29 am

    WOW,great work !! nice article ..

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