The meltdown of Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant due to the recent earthquakes and tsunami in Japan is a wake up call for many nations to consider the safety of their nuclear power reactors. Let us find out the ill effects of nuclear radiation and how to safeguard from these harmful effects of nuclear radiation. Exposure to all levels of nuclear radiation is not fatal and this is measured by rems or mSv. Find out the radiation levels, their impacts and how to protect oneself from the ill effects of nuclear radiation.
With the news of Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in Japan meltdown due to the recent earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan, it is time to know the harmful effects of nuclear radiation and how to withstand the ill effects of nuclear radiation. Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant is the first power plant to be constructed and run entirely by the Tokyo Electric Power Company.
Nuclear radiation occurs from hundreds and thousands of unstable atoms. What is radiation poisoning? Radiation poisoning is also called as radiation sickness or creeping dose. Radiation poisoning happens when an ionizing radiation happens and the exposure to it damages organ tissues. The clinical name of radiation poisoning is Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS).
Ionizing radiation, what is it? Universe is made of hundreds and thousands of atoms or molecules and when electromagnetic waves are energized enough to detach electrons from these atoms or molecules, ionizing radiation takes place.
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Ill effects of Nuclear Radiation:
The major symptoms of nuclear radiation are nausea and vomiting. These symptoms start to appear based on the intensity of the exposure to nuclear radiation. If the exposure is too high, symptoms start to appear immediately. In general, the symptoms start to appear within 24 to 48 hours of exposure to nuclear radiation. The radiation levels are measured in rems where 1 Sv = 100 rems.
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Radiation levels between 100 and 200 rems:
The exposure to nuclear radiation is below 100 rems is very negligible and majority of the times, it is unnoticeable. When the exposure to nuclear radiation is between 100 and 200 rems the symptoms are mild. In this type of radiation exposure, it is the intestinal tract lining that gets damaged; this results in nausea, diarrhea and blood vomiting. In certain cases, there are chances of sperm forming tissues getting damaged. These symptoms start to occur within the first 3 to 6 hours of exposure to nuclear radiation and may last for a day.
After a few days the symptoms start to reappear as the blood cells die, but do not get replaced. This may result in loss of appetite and fatigue; this symptom lasts up to 4 weeks. There are possibilities of increase in infection even after the symptoms ceases to occur.