Craniometry is a technique used to measure skull and determine human nature.
While Phrenology is the study of character and personality and physiognomy is the study of facial features, Craniometry technique difference from the former studies as it is a technique that involves the measurement of bones of the skull. It claims to be able to predict the intelligence and nature of human being. Craniometry was practised a lot in 19Th century and first part of 20Th century.
Georges Vacher de Lapouge became responsible for introducing the trend of dividing human beings into different races from Aryans to Ancient Greek and coming up with new conclusions based on the measurement of skull. After six years another pioneer of Craniometry came up with “facial angle” a measure that can be used to determine intelligence among different species.
According to the “facial angle” technique two lines were determined- one from nostril to the earn and the other from the advanced part of the upper jawbone to the forehead. Pieter Camper explanation concludes that angle of 80 degree for Europeans, 70 for black people etc.
In modern times Craniometry is used to derive data that can be used to compare animal species and to study the evolution of human species in archeology.
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