This April 28 is World Day for Safety and Health at Work. On this occasion, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the National Institute for Research and Safety (INRS) combine their efforts on the topic of prevention. The opportunity to take stock of the French figures on occupational accidents and diseases.
Fewer accidents. In 2009, approximately 650,000 accidents were recorded in France. “This is the lowest frequency history with 36 accidents per 1 000 employees,” says the National Fund of Health Insurance (CNAMTS). In 2008, about 703 000 accidents were recorded, a decrease of 7.5%.
More commuting accidents. The number of commuting accidents by contrast, continues to rise started in 2004. That year, the CNAMTS had recorded 78 000. In 2009, their number is approaching 94,000. According to the National Fund, “the increase falls on the ground floor (slides …) due to bad weather the first quarter, highlighted the phenomenon.” An average of over 5 per year commuting accidents per 1 000 employees were identified in 2009. There were 4.7 in 2008.
More and more diseases. In 2009, the number of victims of occupational diseases has continued to grow, with more than 45,000 people involved. An increase of 5.1% over 2008. Eight out of ten, it is musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs)!
However, the increase in occupational diseases caused by asbestos appears to be slowing. “This decrease is related to the decrease in the number of cases of pleural plaques (scarring of the upper layer of the pleura),” says CNAMTS. She added that “due to asbestos cancers represent 56% of cases of occupational cancer and their number continues to grow.”
And psycho-social risks? Applications for recognition of psychopathology (mental or psychological disorders related to work, so) are rising. A total of 142 were made in 2009 against 86 in 2008. An increase of 65%. And in 2009, half of the requests (72) has been recognized as an occupational disease. Finally, each year in France are 60 suicides reported in accident. But only one third is actually recognized as such.