Wetland Biodiversity of India in Jeopardy

India is rich in biological diversity and there are many biodiversity hot-spots in the country. There are several wetland ecosystems, which are particularly rich in flora and fauna. They are under serious threat from human activities.

Wetland biodiversity of India in Jeopardy

Copyright 2010 Dr.P.Elayaraja

Indian Biodiversity

India is considered to be one of the mega biodiversity centers of the world containing diverse ecosystems with many novel organisms having new genes and secondary compounds.

The potentialities of these organisms need to be inventoried in immediate future for the benefit of humankind. This should be our highest priority since the pressure on the biodiversity is escalating in terms of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), both by the developed countries as well as our neighbours (who share a large number of species with us).

There is also a continued natural (global climatic changes) and biotic (including anthropogenic) pressure on our existing biodiversity. Hence, it is this crucial moment; the concerned people (scientists and decision makers) must reprioritize their focus more on inventories and sustainable use of country’s biotic wealth.


Wetlands are complex ecosystems, which form an interface between terrestrial and aquatic habitats. In this extent they are typical “ecotones”, which were recently defined as “transition zones between adjacent ecological systems, having a set of characteristics uniquely defined by space and time scales, and by the strength of the interactions between adjacent ecological systems”. Therefore, these ecotones are shown to be highly sensitive to environmental changes.

The species forming the communities of ecotones are either generalists coming from adjacent systems or specialists which are adapted to the specific ecological conditions prevailing. Whatever the origin of these species, they have strong physiological capacities to support particular environmental conditions of ecotones as wetlands.

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For these reasons, wetlands are good places to evaluate the intensity and importance of global change. Monitoring ecotones therefore provides means to detect, for example, the immediate biotic responses to regional and global climatic changes.

The Jeopardy

Unfortunately wetlands account among most threatened ecosystems of the world. In the 1960s, international organizations drew attention to their rapid regression, mainly due to land reclamation and major degradation caused by industrial or urban pressures. Indeed, the policies of numerous countries encouraged or even funded the conversion of wetland for agriculture, urbanism, port and industrial development, a range of activities, which culminate with a destruction of wetlands.

Copyright 2010 Dr.P.Elayaraja

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20 Responses to “Wetland Biodiversity of India in Jeopardy”
  1. wonder Says...

    On June 14, 2010 at 8:03 am

    How much do we need? The earth is being moulded according to the whims and fancies or ours, at the cost of these interesting creatures.The eco balance is being upset.
    An interesting awareness, liked it.

  2. RottenBanana Says...

    On June 14, 2010 at 10:28 am


  3. Uma Shankari Says...

    On June 14, 2010 at 9:34 pm

    Great article. Preserving bio-diversity should on the priority list of the government. Reclaiming wetlands for agriculture was such a bad step, and many eco-scientists did warn against it.

  4. Anuradha Ramkumar Says...

    On June 15, 2010 at 7:50 am

    As Uma said preserving bio-diversity is essential, but not very stringent steps are taken in this issue. There are so many marshes avaialble and they are all becoming a dump yard.

  5. Starpisces Says...

    On June 15, 2010 at 6:50 pm

    very well written, Doc. You also provide very nice pictures.

  6. diyakapoor Says...

    On June 16, 2010 at 5:56 am

    what a good post with nice pictures

  7. rajaryanme Says...

    On June 16, 2010 at 6:39 am

    Good use of the pics and nice writing friend.

  8. CHAN LEE PENG Says...

    On June 16, 2010 at 9:48 am

    Thanks for your useful info. I learnt something from you. Thanks and liked it.

  9. sara20 Says...

    On June 16, 2010 at 7:23 pm

    Excellent manner and very well-written sentence is doing, with useful information includes a good things you have in your article.

    Thanks and cheers.

  10. Ruby Hawk Says...

    On June 16, 2010 at 8:33 pm

    I just hate that, so many swamps have been filled for housing developments and shopping malls not to mention trash dumps. If we don’t take care we will destroy all our water supply.

  11. write4money Says...

    On June 17, 2010 at 2:29 pm

    Nice piece.
    Good information is available here, and keeps on writing.

  12. Tulan Says...

    On June 17, 2010 at 11:46 pm

    A shame, we should leave nature alone.

  13. Eunice Tan Says...

    On June 18, 2010 at 4:32 am

    We must pay attention on it. Or… this world will be in trouble.

  14. Hazel Crowther Says...

    On June 18, 2010 at 5:00 am

    Interesting piece and I love the pictures.

  15. yes me Says...

    On June 18, 2010 at 5:19 pm

    Good quality post Doc cheers

  16. scheng1 Says...

    On June 20, 2010 at 2:33 am

    It is such a pity. I think the government can educate the locals and develop tourism to save the wetland

  17. Haseeb Aslam Says...

    On June 20, 2010 at 4:31 am

    this is so sad…

  18. Moses Ingram Says...

    On June 20, 2010 at 11:07 am

    A very good post about a sad situation.

  19. Kristie Leong MD Says...

    On June 20, 2010 at 4:31 pm

    Very informative.

  20. Raj the Tora Says...

    On June 30, 2010 at 11:48 am

    What are we giving back for all the exploitations that we perform on Mother Nature. Neither humans care for their mothers, nor for mother nature. Share you true concerns… Hope humans change from being invasive pests to loving pets. Keep up the good work buddy. Looking forward to more from you.

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