The network of protected areas in the country now consists of 89 national parks, 490 sanctuaries and 13 biosphere.
The department of environment was created in November, 1981 and since then it has acted as nodal agency for environmental protection. It has also been assigned administrative responsibility for pollution monitoring and regulation, as well as conservation of ecosystems and biosphere reserves. There is also the ministry of environmental and forests which performs the following functions in the country: -
1. Survey of natural resources in the country
2. Conservation of natural resources including forestry and wildlife.
3. The management action plans for wetlands and coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar.
4. Lake conservation
5. Biodiversity conservation
6. Forest conservation. Out of the 6253 proposals received till date under the Forest conservation act 1980, more than 3232 proposals have been approved so far.
7. Wildlife conservation. The network of protected areas in the country now consists of 89 national parks, 490 sanctuaries and 13 biosphere reserves covering an area of 1,48,700 square kilometre.
8. Animal welfare- Twenty one states/ Uts have so far constituted State Advisory Boards and 29 states have appointed Nadal office for animal welfare.
9. Environmental Information System- environmental information system network with its 20 centres on various subject areas continues its activities in environmental information collection, storage, retrieval and dissemination to all concerned.
10. Forestry education and research- The Indian Council of forestry research and education is the main forestry research and education centre in the country. It organises seminars and conferences on forest management.