Environmental policies for organizations.
Environment policies are drafted with the aim of preventing the pollution of the environment which can lead to depletion of natural resources. Governments are committed towards regulating the activities of investors by making them responsible for the waste they eject from their premises. Different countries have different environmental policies. The environmental policies for United Kingdom and Canada are borrowed from European countries while the ones for India are based on international conventions. This paper will shed light on the environmental policies of the three countries and their effectiveness in promoting sustainable development.
Environmental Policy in United Kingdom (UK)
Britain is ranked among the most developed countries in the world and has one of the most effective environmental policies. Probes into the history of UK’s environmental policy reveal that waste management was not mandatory. In addition to that the three spheres of environment that is air, water and land were handled individually. However, in 1990 legislators reviewed the Environmental Protection Act which called for an integrated environment management.
The environmental policy of UK emphasizes on the significance of sustainable development by encouraging manufacturers and businesses to employ Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP).In this concept manufacturers trim the waste from raw materials to ensure that the finished product can be recycled to produce the same product without compromising on quality. By embracing this approach the manufacturers in UK can never run out of raw materials and the environment will be protected.
Environmental policies in UK are initiated by the government. The government consults other independent agencies on matters regarding environmental regulations. The better Regulation Task Force is the official government consultant and is believed to have hatched the idea of New Environmental Policy Instruments. The instruments are intended to discourage people from generating waste. Among the instruments include (1) Landfill tax, (2) Climate change levy, (3) 100% Capital Allowances Scheme, (4) The UK Emission Trading Scheme and (5) The Renewables Obligation.
The land fill tax is imposed on all waste deposited in landfills in the UK.This instrument aims at transforming peoples’ production behavior. The volume of waste dictates the amount charged and the levy reduces with reduction in waste. This instrument is important because it holds people responsible for their waste which makes them develop alternatives that are geared towards elimination of waste in production processes. The manufacturers have to trace their products to ensure they get the used item and recycle it. With this kind of instrument the landfills can never be filled because there will be less waste in the environment.