A brief overview of genetics tied with evolution.
A Brief Overview Of Genetics
Genetics has advanced astronomically since the discovery of the double helix in 1953. Today advances in modern genetics are making all kinds of achievements possible, as shown in Bruce Mau and The Institute without Boundaries’ book, “Massive Change”. I agree with the book’s statement that, “We will design evolution” (Mau 198), because modern genetics has sky rocketed to the point where humans can create safe drinking water, artificial organs, and vitamin enriched plants.
Finding safe drinking water has always been a problem for the world, but with today’s genetics, scientists are changing that one well at a time. “About two billion people, roughly one third of the global population, needs to go outside their home to fetch water.” (Mau 214). This statement brings to light the need to engineer self-sustaining ecosystems. “Water should be treated as a commodity” (Mau 214), which explains the need for humans to be energy conscious and conserve as much natural resources as possible. Many people believe that it is wrong that so many people go every day without water. Everyday multiple children die from preventable diseases, “400 children die from diarrhea every hour.” (Mau 215). Ashok Gadgit is currently working on a way to remove the arsenic from drinking water that forty million people are exposed to every day. He says, “The arsenic crisis in Bangladesh is rightly the largest case of mass poisoning in the history of mankind.”(Mau 215). If a person calculates the math on the death rate of children a day from diarrhea, it is 9,600 dead a day. If they make that into a year it becomes 3,504,000 children dead from diarrhea every year, which is preventable if they were able to drink safe water. We as a global community must look into genetics to help those 3,504,000 children or those 40 million people.
Tissue engineering has allowed for new innovations and technologies in the medical sciences to happen. An example of such technology is “Organogenesis, Inc.’s synthetic skin which has been used in humans since its FDA approval in 1998.” (Mau 208). Additionally, “Biochemical Engineer Robert Langer is creating “Brain Wafers” that deliver localized chemotherapy to post surgery cancer patients.” (Mau 208). These illustrate the newfound ability to create life saving medical miracles. “Pursuing this further, John Santini of MicroCHIPS, Inc. has created a chip that can store up to 400 medicines, which can be delivered immediately to a patient.” (Mau 208). Furthermore, Yadong Wang has created “Biorubber”, a non-toxic, inexpensive rubber, which is soon to be used in neurology. These advances show how genetics can quickly apply remedies to diseases and ailments that a person may have. Tissue engineering is a newer field of genetics and is developing all the time. It is the forefront of modern genetics.