Know your specific Orchid and its original habitat in order to better be able to provide a healthy environment for it to grow well and last long.
There are over 300,000 different kinds of orchids, and many of them originated in tropical locales. But a few of them originated in high and cold areas. Orchids are exotic outdoor plants that can be grown as houseplants if you know how to take care of them properly. They need lots of light, humidity and temperature changes that most homes do not normally have.
Many of these orchids are air plants. Their roots need air and moisture to breathe, grow and live longer. But they cannot handle too much water. They can die if they are in water too long. Therefore, you should use a pot that provides water draining. The plant should look and feel dry before you water it again. When you place an orchid in a pot, use bark, coconut chips or stones because they provide air circulation to the roots. To make sure your orchid is healthy, always check it, looking for limp leaves. If you find any, take the orchid out of its pot and check its roots. Cut the rotting roots before placing the orchid into a new, clean and fresh pot. Try to keep the orchid moist but do not give it too much water or let it get soggy.
A healthy orchid has yellow-green leaves. If the leaves are too yellow, the orchid is receiving too much sunlight and should be removed to a place that has less sunlight. If the leaves are a deep green color, the orchid needs more light and should be placed in an area with a lot of sunlight. But remember to make light changes gradually, or the orchid can get sun damage if it gets too much light right away. Furthermore, a foliage with a red tone means the orchid has received the most amount of light to give it this nice color tone.
Fertilizer is important for the health of the orchid, on top of the usual amount of water, air and sunlight it needs. The fertilizer should have the needed trace minerals. To find the right fertilizer, look for a balanced formula, such as a 16-16-16 formula. It is recommended to use a low concentration formula on a regular basis, and use one half to one fourth of the required strength. Feed orchids once a week, but remember to water it before give the orchid its formula in order to make sure it is not dry. It is not good to feed a dry orchid.