Kingdom Plantae : General Characteristics and Classifications

Plants are classified into separate kingdoms, the kingdom Plantae. Plants have special characteristics, among them the ability to perform photosynthesis.

Plants are classified into separate kingdoms, the kingdom Plantae. Plants have special characteristics, among them the ability to perform photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process of converting carbon dioxide and water through the help of the sun to form the carbohydrate compounds needed by living things on earth.

Kingdom Plantae are multicellular organisms or consist of many cells. In addition, the kingdom Plantae are eukaryotic organisms. There are a hallmark of the kingdom Plantae cell which is not owned by the cell kingdom Animalia. These characteristics is the presence of a cell wall composed of cellulose. Members of the kingdom Plantae have chlorophyll, the green leaf substance that functions in the process of photosynthesis. Are there other kingdoms that have chlorophyll? Kingdom Plantae have members who are diverse, there are the water plants and land plants. Members of this kingdom can adapt to their environment properly.

Characteristics of Kingdom Plantae
1. eukaryotic
2. Composed of many cells (multicellular)
3. Have a cell wall
4. Have chlorophyll and store food reserves in the form
5. starch (starch)
6. Rotation having offspring of their life cycle.

Classification of Kingdom Plantae
Plants can be divided into no vascular plants (nontracheophyta) and vascular plants (tracheophyta). Vascular plants do not live in the water and terrestrial habitats. The vascular plants have a structure that has been perfectly adapted to terrestrial habitats. According to Campbell (1998: 550), members of the kingdom Plantae can be classified into 12 divisio, namely:
1. No vascular plants
a. Hepatophyta
b. Bryophyta
c. Anthocerophyta
2. vascular plants
a. Psilophyta
b. Lycophyta
c. Equisetophyta (Sphenophyta)
d. Pterophyta
e. Pinophyta (Coniferophyta)
f. Cycadophyta
g. Ginkgophyta
h. Gnetophyta
i. Anthophyta

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