Explaining how reproduction of new plants from parts of a parent plant.
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- New plants from roots. Plants like turnip, carrot, radish and sweet potato have storage roots. These storage roots contain food. When planted, storage roots grow into new plants.
- New plants from leaves. There are also plants that reproduce by means of their leaves. The new plant separate from the parent plant and continue to grow. Begonia produces new plants from their leaves that touch the soil.
- Artificial Vegetative Propagation is a method of propagating plants develops by people who are engaged in the reproduction of plants for food or decoration. Through their method, plants are produced more quickly and varieties are improved.
- Stem Cutting. Many ornamental plants such as San Francisco, mayana and rosal can be grown from stem cuttings. The cuttings are placed in water. When roots come out, they are transplanted.
- Layering. To produce new plants through layering, a branch that grows near the ground is bent and covered with soil. The parts of the branch covered with soil will grow roots and new shoots. The new plants are then cut away from the parent plant and planted in another place.
Some plants are propagated by a method called air layering. A part of the plant’s bark is removed. Then the exposed area is covered with peat moss. To hold the peat moss in place, a piece of plastic is wrapped around it. Coconut husk may also be used to wrap the area. Roots will form in the covered area. Then the branch is cut off and transplanted.
- Grafting and budding. Some plants are propagated by transplanting a branch or a bud of one plant to the trunk of another plant. This is done in order to improve the quality of fruits. Transplanting a branch of one plant to the trunk of another plant is called grafting. This is done by cutting a branch of a plant of good variety and attaching it to a plant rooted in the soil. The rooted plant is the stock while the attached branch is the scion. The stock provides the roots and stem for the scion. Budding is the same as grafting but, instead of a branch; a bud is used as the scion.
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