There are many different kinds of animals that live in the arctic and also insects that have learned to adapt the bitter cold.
There are many different kinds of animals that inhabit the Arctic but none of them being reptiles. Reptiles are cold blooded and cannot warm themselves. The common garter snake does live very close to the arctic. This snake has the ability to survive very cold temperatures and also manages to survive when almost half of its blood has turned to ice. This is the only reptile that does live this far north. Maybe many years ago it was different with reptiles there but in modern day you wont have to worry about running into anything reptilian that can hurt you.
More common animals you will find in the frigid arctic are warm blooded animals the common ones being bear, fox, caribou, walrus, and seals. the more uncommon ones you don’t hear much about range from birds to bumblebees.
The Arctic tern is a very small bird but also one of the most determined. This bird migrates over 22 thousand miles a year which is the longest distance migrated by any other bird. Arctic Tern are in the gull family but have webbed feet like a duck. Tern even with their webbed feet hate the water and are not very good swimmers. These small birds spend most of their time in flight and very rarely land, they even eat while flying. Terns are also very helpful to the local fisherman, they fly in groups so when fisherman see them the follow the terns and usually find a large school of fish making them a better catch.
The Collared Lemming is another interesting animal that makes his home in the frigid north. This guy is a member of the rodent family and is pretty small. This little creature makes tunnels in the snow and also nests there. The collared Lemming also have enlarged claws on the third and fourth fingers of their front paws probably to help them dig through the snow.
This is the only rodent that does change color in the winter. In the summer the lemming eat grass and shrubs but when the snow is deep they live off bark and twigs. Lemmings line their nests with different things ranging from feathers to fur off of the muskox. This rodents population grows and shrinks depending on how much food they have available. The Collared lemmings fur is used by the Eskimos to trim clothes and also to make doll clothes.
The next animal we are going to discover is the Narwal Whale. This whale only lives in the cold arctic oceans. The name narwal means corpse whale and this gentle giant got its name because it spends a lot of its time belly up. They are usually in pods from 10 to 100 and move very slow but when there is a threat near they are capable of moving very quickly.
In the summer time male narwals duel with their tusks, scientists are not sure why they duel but maybe it is because they need to be scratched. Most of the time the narwals tusks are infested with lice. The Narwal have around four inches of fat to insulate them for the lives in the icy cold arctic waters. Most weigh about a ton and grow to about 20 feet long. These whales have many uses from the arctic people ranging from food for them and their sled dogs, their oil which does not smoke when burned and their tusks which can fetch a hefty sum when sold for around 45 hundred dollars. it is illegal to sell anything collected from whales in the United States but in Europe and Asia the same does not apply.
Insects can be found any place in the world including the cold arctic. Bumblebees and black flies included. How do they survive the cold you may ask, well it is based on the same way we protect our cars from freezing in the winter antifreeze. The insects of the north produce antifreeze naturally so that makes it possible for their survival in such cold temperatures.
There are many other animals that call the arctic home but this gives you an idea of who can survive the bitter cold of the points farthest north.
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