Animal and Plant Cell Similarities and Differences

Animal and plant cells have many similarities, but also many differences.

Both types of cells have many organelles. The plant cell has a few more organelles than the animal cell, but for the most part they have the same organelles. Animal and plant cells both have a necleus, ribosomes, golgi apparatus, and endoplasmic reticulum. Only plant cells have a cell wall, vacuole, and plastids.

Animal and plant cells have many similar organelles. The first common organelle, is the necleus. The necleus is present in both the plant and animal cells. The cell is controlled by the necleus, and the cell would no be able to function without it. Another organelle both animal and plant cells have are ribosomes. Ribosomes go through a process call synthesis of proteins. This make proteins, which are necessary to life in the cell. Another organelle that is necessary to the cell is the endoplasmic reticulum. There are two types of endoplasmic reticulum (ER), smooth and rough ER. Rough ER is the ER with ribosomes attached. The rough ER packages proteins made by the ribosomes attached. These proteins are sent out of the cell. Smooth ER has no ribosomes, but does other jobs as well. Smooth ER detoxifies poisonous materials in the cell. Lastly, both animal and plant cells have golgi apparatuses. The golgi packages proteins to stay in the cell. These are the organelles that plant and animal cells have in common.

There are some organelles that are unique to plants. One of these organelles is the cell wall. The cell wall is a rigid, wood like structure that surrounds a plant cell. This gives a plant a rigid structure. Another organelle that is unique to plants is the vacuole. The vacuole is a large, fluid filled sac. It stores enzymes and waste products for the cell. The last organelle unique to the cell is plastids. Plastids store food and color pigments for the cell. Cholorplasts, one type of plastid, is the part of the plant that goes through photosynthesis.

  Animal and plant cells are very different, but also very similar. The plant cell has more organelles than the animal cell. The organelles in both plants and animals are the necluos, ribosomes, golgi apparatus, and endoplasmic reticulum. Organelles unique to plants are the cell wall, vacuole, and plastids. As you can see, plant and animal cells are very similar, but also very different.

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14 Responses to “Animal and Plant Cell Similarities and Differences”
  1. Biologist Says...

    On July 17, 2009 at 1:12 pm

    Here is another resource which discusses the differences between plant and animal cells


  2. zein Says...

    On January 11, 2010 at 11:01 am

    this is is a good website.


  3. fsdk Says...

    On January 11, 2010 at 11:02 am

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  4. Janana Says...

    On January 12, 2010 at 8:37 pm

    it looks long so i think its good enough.


  5. biologist Says...

    On June 7, 2010 at 4:15 am

    SCI 230 Week 2 Checkpoint. Plants vs Animals activity

    Get Full 100% complete answer with explanations from link below.

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  6. DreaM Says...

    On January 22, 2011 at 10:50 pm

    It states only plant cells have a vacuole, thats incorrect. Animal cells have vacuoles too. Animal cells many have even more than one, but the plant cells have only one that take up most of the area.


  7. lucian Says...

    On October 3, 2011 at 4:12 pm

    helped me with my homework


  8. Phebus Says...

    On December 11, 2011 at 8:51 pm

    Dear, dear… please spell “nucleus” correctly in the future.


  9. ---- Says...

    On March 27, 2012 at 4:59 am

    This guy not studying in University or even Secondnary school?


  10. shasha Says...

    On August 23, 2012 at 10:23 am

    thanks for the information it really help a lot on me


  11. bad commenter Says...

    On October 11, 2012 at 8:25 pm

    not rally helpful at all It sucks


  12. nicky walker Says...

    On December 11, 2012 at 7:30 pm

    what are the alike and differences of cell plant and animal plant


  13. gee Says...

    On January 15, 2013 at 8:55 am

    this ids awesome


  14. bob Says...

    On January 15, 2013 at 8:56 am

    my name is bob


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