Isn’t it amazing to know that there are birds that cannot fly or simply flightless birds? There are over 40 species of flightless birds; however, many flightless birds have become extinct. Take a look at birds that cannot fly and are livinstill living. The first part of flightless birds include emu, kiwi, cassowary, galapagos cormorant, flightless cormorant, kakapo. Know which is the large flightless bird and much more…
Majority of us know that Emu, the Australian bird cannot fly; however, is this only bird that cannot fly or are there many birds that cannot fly? I started my research on this subject and found something very interesting. Guess what it is? Yes…there are more birds that cannot fly and these are called as flightless birds. You would be surprised to know if I say there are about 40 flightless birds. According to recent research, it is found that large number of flightless birds belongs to New Zealand and Australia.
Why some birds cannot fly when the rest of them are able to flap their wings and fly high up in the sky? Differences between birds that fly and flightless birds are:
- Birds that fly have longer wings and asymmetric shape of feathers while flightless birds or birds that cannot fly have shorter wings and symmetric shape of feathers.
- Flying birds have well developed keel and rounded breastbone. Keel is what that helps the birds’ muscles to move its wings when flying. Flightless bones either will not have keel or greatly reduced keel making them incapable of flying and also flat breastbone.
Take a look at these amazing flightless birds around the world. I’ve listed them in the alphabetical order.
1. Cassowary: Cassowary is a flightless bird native to New Guinea. You may also find them near the north eastern Australia. Cassowaries are the second biggest birds in the world.
Image via wikipedia
Body parts of Cassowary:
Image via enchantedliving
Few important characteristics or features of cassowary include:
- Female cassowary is generally the biggest and is brightly colored.
- Cassowaries have feathers and a relatively shorter wing, a unique characteristic of flightless birds.
- Cassowaries have three toes in their feet and have sharp claws.
- Cassowaries can run as fast as 31 mph and is capable of jumping to a height of 4.9 feet.
- These flightless birds are excellent swimmers.
- These are in general solitary birds with the exception during egg-laying.
- They breed between the months of May and June. Female cassowaries lay anywhere between 3 and 8 large eggs that are either dark green or pale green-blue in color.
- Cassowary’s diet includes flowers, frogs, snail, fungi, small insects, fish, etc.
- Guinness World Records, 2007 edition has listed cassowaries to be very dangerous birds. This is because cassowaries are capable of disemboweling a human or dog with just one kick. Dissembling is removal of some or all vital organs from the abdomen.
2. Emu: Emu is one of the largest flightless birds and is native of Australia. Emu is the second biggest bird of Australia and third biggest bird in the world.