Everyone knows that sun rises in the east and sets in the west. This is not fantasy that the sun can be made to set in the east and made to rise in the west. Being at the right place at the right time is more than enough.
Sunrise, as the name indicates, means that the star that everyone depends on, the Sun, starts its journey from below the eastern horizon everyday. It then moves towards the top of the sky, away from the horizon to later on descends to the western horizon and even beyond to bring about darkness as required by the night.
Sun on the Move!
This theory of sun moving, by itself, is a fallacy as it is the earth that revolves and the sun stays in the same location. Since Earth spins from west to east, the sun appears to be moving from east to west (just like the trees moving behind when observed from a speeding vehicle – it is again not the trees and buildings that move, but the vehicle itself).
So, it can be established that the sun, if moves away from the horizon is sunrise and if it moves towards the horizon is sunset.
The speed of earth varies based on the place on earth. The locations on the equatorial line have to cover lot more distance than those above Tropic of Cancer or below Tropic of Capricorn; and keeps changing based on the latitudes. The earth spins at a constant speed of 1674.4 km/h or 1040.4 miles per hour at the equator. However, this is reduced to about 700 miles per hour at mid latitudes. At the exact pole, this would be zero as pole-spot spins around itself
One has to have the fastest plane on earth. Perhaps a Concorde is an ideal machine for this mission, as it can fly at 1450Mph, 2333Kph; though it is decommissioned long back after serving for many years. Start either from Southernmost Australia or somewhere in Northernmost Europe or Canada, as these places are close to the Antarctic or Arctic circles and have regular sunrises and sunsets throughout the year.
Sunrise or Sunset!
In the morning, when the natural sunrise happens, fly fast towards west while observing the sun in the rear. The sun would appear to move towards the east, as though it is setting in the east.
Sunset or Sunrise!
In the evening, when the natural sunset happens, fly fast towards west while observing the sun in the front view. The sun would appear to move away from the west, as though it is rising in the west. At top speed the effect can be seen even in tropic zones little farther away from the equator.
Try this science experiment and enjoy the astronomical illusion.