Solar Eclipse in Human History

In far away from us during a solar eclipse caused people superstitious dread. Without knowing the causes of eclipses, ignorant people dorisovyvat the observed his imagination. Some believed that solar eclipses are special signs that others have seen this phenomenon in an attack on the Sun huge monsters, dragons trying to devour the heavenly body.

In far away from us during a solar eclipse caused people superstitious dread. Without knowing the causes of eclipses, ignorant people dorisovyvat the observed his imagination. Some believed that solar eclipses are special signs that others have seen this phenomenon in an attack on the Sun huge monsters, dragons trying to devour the heavenly body.

In ancient classical Chinese book “Shutszin” (”Book of History”) describes the fact that according to ancient chronicles, “On the first day of the last month of autumn sun and the moon suddenly met in the mansion.” Tower is the ancient Chinese constellation, which included some of the stars of the present constellation Scorpius, and some of the fainter stars of the constellations Ophiuchus and Libra.

An unexpected encounter the same sun with the moon meant a solar eclipse, not predicted by astronomers. The same book says that this is a solar eclipse occurred in the fifth year of the reign of Emperor Chung-Kang, the fourth emperor of the dynasty-hyun, the capital of which was the city Ngan. State astronomers Hi and Ho failed to predict this eclipse and not fulfilled in these cases relied action. Among the dignitaries and the public from unexpected panic that led to riots, for which both an astronomer charged with drunkenness and neglect of duty, were executed. But this is a solar eclipse in ancient China during the reign of Chung-Kang was the first solar eclipse mentioned in ancient Chinese chronicles. But when it came to our calendar?

This question records, of course, do not answer. It is true that historical research has established that the Emperor Chung-Kang received by the state government around 2160 BC. Oe. but to achieve greater accuracy, it seemed, was impossible. And yet this problem has been solved exactly in astronomy. In the middle of the XIX century, several astronomers done a tremendous job of computing the circumstances past and future solar and lunar eclipses.

This was done not only to help historians to establish the dates of historical events mentioned in ancient chronicles of the eclipse, but also to explore the moon’s motion away from us in ancient times. After a calculation of the circumstances of solar eclipses for the city of Ngan, T. astronomer Oppolzer found that for the entire 280-year period from 2193 to 1914 BC. One, in this city was only one solar eclipse during which the sun was in the constellation Scorpio: It was October 22, 2137 BC. e. .. started within 19 minutes after sunrise and at 7 o’clock in the morning reached the maximum phase (85% was covered by the solar disk), in which is already noticeable weakening of the sunlight and the sun looks serpoobraznym. Calculation of the circumstances of this eclipse has helped to establish that the Emperor Chung-Kang came to the throne in 2141 BC. One, and thereby establish the era of the ancient Chinese calendar, the period of time.

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