Nicolaus Copernicus and the Heliocentric Theory (Sun For Solar Center)
However, the weakness of the Ptolemaic theory of Copernicus that the push to find alternative explanations for the strange movements of the planets. To support his theory, Copernicus reconstruct the tools used by ancient astronomers. Although modest in comparison to modern standards, this equipment allows him to calculate the relative distances between the planets and the Sun. Over the years, he attempted to determine the exact dates when his predecessors have made several important observations in the field of astronomy. Armed with this data, Copernicus began work on a controversial document that states that the earth and man in it was not the center of the universe.
Changes made Osiander initially deliver the book of criticism. Asronom and Italian physicist, Galileo, later wrote, “When printed, the book was accepted by the holy Church, and have read and studied by everyone without the slightest suspicion that this idea is contrary to church doctrines. However, now that there are a variety of experiences and important evidence showing that the idea has strong evidence, there was people who wanted to discredit the author without having read the book at all “.
The Lutheran is the first book was called “unreasonable”. Catholic Church, although it was not originally expressed criticism, decided that the book was contrary to official doctrine in 1616 and includes the work of Copernicus into the forbidden books. The book was removed from this list in 1828. In his introduction to the English translation of the book, Charles Glenn Wallis explains, “The clash between Catholic and Protestant sects that make both afraid of the scandal that seems to undermine respect for the ecclesiastical Bible, and consequently they become too literal reading Bible verses and tend to condemn any statement that may be considered as a denial of any literal interpretation of every verse in the Bible “. For example, the story is recorded in Joshua 10:13, which tells the story of the Sun made no move, used to assert that the Sun, not Earth, which typically moves. Regarding the assumption that the Copernican theory against the teachings of the Bible, Galileo wrote, “[Copernicus] do not ignore the Bible, but he knew very well that if his doctrine is proven, it would not conflict with the Bible verses if properly understood”.
Today, Copernicus is hailed by many as the Father of Modern Astronomy. Indeed, his description of the universe has been refined and improved by the tekemudian scientists, like Galileo, Kepler, and Newton. However, Owen Gingerich astofisikawan commented, “Copernicuslah that with his work shows us how fragile the scientific concept that has been accepted for a long time”. Through research, observation, and mathematics, Copernicus menjungkirkbalikkan scientific and religious concepts are deeply rooted but mistaken. In human thought, he also “stopped the Sun and move the earth”.