Nicolaus Copernicus and the Heliocentric Theory (Sun For Solar Center)
Niklas Koppernigk (latin: Nicolaus Copernicus: Polish Mikolaj Kopernik; born in Toruń, February 19, 1473 – died in Frombork, May 24, 1543 at the age of 70 years) was an astronomer, mathematician, and the Polish economist, who developed the theory heliosentrisme (centered in the sun) solar system in the form of a detailed, so the theory is useful for science. He is also a church canon, governor and administrator, judges, astrologers, and healers. His theory of the sun as the center of the solar system, which overturns the traditional geocentric theory (that placed Earth at the center of the universe) is regarded as one of the most important discoveries of all time, and is the fundamental starting point for modern astronomy and modern science (the theory of scientific revolutions cause) . His theory affected many other aspects of human life. Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, founded in 1945, named in his honor.
There are several ‘braggart’ that seeks to criticize my work, but they did not know math, and to shamelessly distort the meaning of some verses from the Scriptures to suit their purposes, they dare to criticize and attack my work, I do not worry a bit any of them, even I would scorn their criticism as an act of reckless
Nicolaus Copernicus wrote the words quoted above to Pope Paul III. Copernicus put those words in his breakthrough work, entitled On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (balls of sky rotation), which was published in 1543. Regarding the views expressed in this work, Christoph Clavius, a Jesuit priest in the 16th century, says, “Copernican theory contains many statements that make no sense or wrong”. German theologian, Martin Luther, lamented, “The fool that would disrupt the entire science of astronomy”.
Born on February 19, 1473 in Toruń, which at that time under the authority of an order called the Order of Christian Teutonicum, real name is Niklas Koppernigk (Mikolaj Kopernik, in Polish which is colloquially at the time). Only later, when he began writing academy’s work, he used the Latin name, Nicolaus Copernicus. His father, a merchant who trades in Toruń, has four children; Nicolaus was the youngest. Nicolaus was 11 years old when his father died. An uncle, named Lucas Waczenrode, Nicolaus and caring for siblings. He helped Nicolaus get a good education, encourage it to become a priest.
Nicolaus education began in his hometown, but later resumed in Chelmno, not far from there. There he studied Latin and studying the works of ancient writers. At the age of 18, he moved to Kraków, the capital of Poland at that time. In this city he attended a university and will teach and pursue his passion for astronomy. After he completed his education at Kraków, uncle of Nicholas – who at that time was bishop of Warmia – asked him to move to Frombork, a city in the Baltic Sea. Waczenrode wanted his nephew cathedral staff positions.