Boomslang is one of the largest venomous snakes in the world. It belongs to the Colubridae family of snakes.
Here are 20 interesting facts about the Boomslang.
1. Its binomial name is Dispholidus typu and means “tree snake” in Dutch and Afrikaans – boom means “tree” and slang means “snake”.
2. A Boomslang can attain a length of up to 1.6 meters or 5.25 ft. Some specimen had reached more than 6 ft or 1.8 meters long.
3. A Boomslang can weigh as much as 5.1 kg with an average weight of 2.9 kg.
4. The head is egg-like in shape and adult brown females are brown while males are light green with black or blue scale edges.
5. Boomslangs are diurnal or active during the day and sleep during night time and almost exclusively live on trees.
6. They prey upon chameleons, lizards, frogs, birds, small mammals and eggs from nesting birds. They swallow eggs in whole and they are some of the few egg-eating reptiles in the world.
7. It hibernates during winter and often curls up inside an enclosed bird’s nest like Weavers.
8. It has very large eyes with excellent eyesight and long tail. A Boomslang has 3 dimensional visions.
9. The Boomslang is endemic and can only be found in sub-Saharan Africa.
10 A female Boomslang deposits its eggs, numbering about 30, in rotting logs or hollow tree trunks.
11. Boomslang eggs’ have a relatively long incubation period which is about 3 months.
12. A baby Boomslang male is born grey with blue speckles while a female baby Boomslang is a pale brown.
13. Boomslangs are born 20 cm long and can attain their adult coloration after several years.
14. Boomslangs are already dangerously venomous by the time they reach a length of about 45cm and with a girth as thick as an adult index finger.
15. Boomslangs are venomous, their venom are deadly to human beings although most members of the Colubridae family are harmless to humans.
16. Boomslangs open their jaws 90 degrees when biting. A victim may well die as a result of internal and external bleeding. The venom causes the victim to bleed from all of the holes in its body.
17. Some of the most obvious symptoms when bitten by a Boomslang include headache, mental disorder, nausea and sleepiness. A monovalent antivenin was developed for Boomslang envenomations.
18. Treatment of bites from Boomslang may also require total blood transfusions, especially after 24 to 48 hours without antivenin.
19. They only bite people when they attempt to handle, catch or kill the animal.
20. This tree-dwelling snake inflates its neck when threatened to appear larger.